<link rel='alternate' type='application/rss+xml' title='RSS' href='index.xml' />
Background: #fff
Foreground: #000
PrimaryPale: #8cf
PrimaryLight: #18f
PrimaryMid: #04b
PrimaryDark: #014
SecondaryPale: #ffc
SecondaryLight: #fe8
SecondaryMid: #db4
SecondaryDark: #841
TertiaryPale: #eee
TertiaryLight: #ccc
TertiaryMid: #999
TertiaryDark: #666
Error: #f88
body {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}

a {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
a:hover {background-color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
a img {border:0;}

h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6 {color:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]]; background:transparent;}
h1 {border-bottom:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
h2,h3 {border-bottom:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}

.button {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.button:hover {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; border-color:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]];}
.button:active {color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]]; border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]];}

.header {background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
.headerShadow {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
.headerShadow a {font-weight:normal; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
.headerForeground {color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.headerForeground a {font-weight:normal; color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];}

	border-left:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];
	border-top:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];
	border-right:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];
.tabUnselected {color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
.tabContents {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
.tabContents .button {border:0;}

#sidebar {}
#sidebarOptions input {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel {background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel a {border:none;color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel a:hover {color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel a:active {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]; background:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}

.wizard {background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]]; border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
.wizard h1 {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; border:none;}
.wizard h2 {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border:none;}
.wizardStep {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];
	border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
.wizardStep.wizardStepDone {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
.wizardFooter {background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];}
.wizardFooter .status {background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.wizard .button {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; border: 1px solid;
	border-color:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]] [[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]];}
.wizard .button:hover {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; background:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.wizard .button:active {color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border: 1px solid;
	border-color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]] [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]] [[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]];}
.wizard .notChanged {background:transparent;}
.wizard .changedLocally {background:#80ff80;}
.wizard .changedServer {background:#8080ff;}
.wizard .changedBoth {background:#ff8080;}
.wizard .notFound {background:#ffff80;}
.wizard .putToServer {background:#ff80ff;}
.wizard .gotFromServer {background:#80ffff;}

#messageArea {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
#messageArea .button {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]]; border:none;}

.popupTiddler {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; border:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}

.popup {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; border-left:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]]; border-top:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]]; border-right:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; border-bottom:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}
.popup hr {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; border-bottom:1px;}
.popup li.disabled {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
.popup li a, .popup li a:visited {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border: none;}
.popup li a:hover {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border: none;}
.popup li a:active {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border: none;}
.popupHighlight {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
.listBreak div {border-bottom:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.tiddler .defaultCommand {font-weight:bold;}

.shadow .title {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.title {color:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]];}
.subtitle {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.toolbar {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
.toolbar a {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
.selected .toolbar a {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
.selected .toolbar a:hover {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}

.tagging, .tagged {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; background-color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]];}
.selected .tagging, .selected .tagged {background-color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]]; border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
.tagging .listTitle, .tagged .listTitle {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]];}
.tagging .button, .tagged .button {border:none;}

.footer {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
.selected .footer {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}

.sparkline {background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]]; border:0;}
.sparktick {background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]];}

.error, .errorButton {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; background:[[ColorPalette::Error]];}
.warning {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]];}
.lowlight {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}

.zoomer {background:none; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]]; border:3px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}

.imageLink, #displayArea .imageLink {background:transparent;}

.annotation {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border:2px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]];}

.viewer .listTitle {list-style-type:none; margin-left:-2em;}
.viewer .button {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]];}
.viewer blockquote {border-left:3px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.viewer table, table.twtable {border:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}
.viewer th, .viewer thead td, .twtable th, .twtable thead td {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]]; border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.viewer td, .viewer tr, .twtable td, .twtable tr {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.viewer pre {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]];}
.viewer code {color:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]];}
.viewer hr {border:0; border-top:dashed 1px [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.highlight, .marked {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]];}

.editor input {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
.editor textarea {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]; width:100%;}
.editorFooter {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}

#backstageArea {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
#backstageArea a {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border:none;}
#backstageArea a:hover {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; }
#backstageArea a.backstageSelTab {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
#backstageButton a {background:none; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border:none;}
#backstageButton a:hover {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border:none;}
#backstagePanel {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border-color: [[ColorPalette::Background]] [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}
.backstagePanelFooter .button {border:none; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.backstagePanelFooter .button:hover {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
#backstageCloak {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; opacity:0.6; filter:'alpha(opacity:60)';}
* html .tiddler {height:1%;}

body {font-size:.75em; font-family:arial,helvetica; margin:0; padding:0;}

h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6 {font-weight:bold; text-decoration:none;}
h1,h2,h3 {padding-bottom:1px; margin-top:1.2em;margin-bottom:0.3em;}
h4,h5,h6 {margin-top:1em;}
h1 {font-size:1.35em;}
h2 {font-size:1.25em;}
h3 {font-size:1.1em;}
h4 {font-size:1em;}
h5 {font-size:.9em;}

hr {height:1px;}

a {text-decoration:none;}

dt {font-weight:bold;}

ol {list-style-type:decimal;}
ol ol {list-style-type:lower-alpha;}
ol ol ol {list-style-type:lower-roman;}
ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:decimal;}
ol ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:lower-alpha;}
ol ol ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:lower-roman;}
ol ol ol ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:decimal;}

.txtOptionInput {width:11em;}

#contentWrapper .chkOptionInput {border:0;}

.externalLink {text-decoration:underline;}

.indent {margin-left:3em;}
.outdent {margin-left:3em; text-indent:-3em;}
code.escaped {white-space:nowrap;}

.tiddlyLinkExisting {font-weight:bold;}
.tiddlyLinkNonExisting {font-style:italic;}

/* the 'a' is required for IE, otherwise it renders the whole tiddler in bold */
a.tiddlyLinkNonExisting.shadow {font-weight:bold;}

#mainMenu .tiddlyLinkExisting,
	#mainMenu .tiddlyLinkNonExisting,
	#sidebarTabs .tiddlyLinkNonExisting {font-weight:normal; font-style:normal;}
#sidebarTabs .tiddlyLinkExisting {font-weight:bold; font-style:normal;}

.header {position:relative;}
.header a:hover {background:transparent;}
.headerShadow {position:relative; padding:4.5em 0em 1em 1em; left:-1px; top:-1px;}
.headerForeground {position:absolute; padding:4.5em 0em 1em 1em; left:0px; top:0px;}

.siteTitle {font-size:3em;}
.siteSubtitle {font-size:1.2em;}

#mainMenu {position:absolute; left:0; width:10em; text-align:right; line-height:1.6em; padding:1.5em 0.5em 0.5em 0.5em; font-size:1.1em;}

#sidebar {position:absolute; right:3px; width:16em; font-size:.9em;}
#sidebarOptions {padding-top:0.3em;}
#sidebarOptions a {margin:0em 0.2em; padding:0.2em 0.3em; display:block;}
#sidebarOptions input {margin:0.4em 0.5em;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel {margin-left:1em; padding:0.5em; font-size:.85em;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel a {font-weight:bold; display:inline; padding:0;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel input {margin:0 0 .3em 0;}
#sidebarTabs .tabContents {width:15em; overflow:hidden;}

.wizard {padding:0.1em 1em 0em 2em;}
.wizard h1 {font-size:2em; font-weight:bold; background:none; padding:0em 0em 0em 0em; margin:0.4em 0em 0.2em 0em;}
.wizard h2 {font-size:1.2em; font-weight:bold; background:none; padding:0em 0em 0em 0em; margin:0.4em 0em 0.2em 0em;}
.wizardStep {padding:1em 1em 1em 1em;}
.wizard .button {margin:0.5em 0em 0em 0em; font-size:1.2em;}
.wizardFooter {padding:0.8em 0.4em 0.8em 0em;}
.wizardFooter .status {padding:0em 0.4em 0em 0.4em; margin-left:1em;}
.wizard .button {padding:0.1em 0.2em 0.1em 0.2em;}

#messageArea {position:fixed; top:2em; right:0em; margin:0.5em; padding:0.5em; z-index:2000; _position:absolute;}
.messageToolbar {display:block; text-align:right; padding:0.2em 0.2em 0.2em 0.2em;}
#messageArea a {text-decoration:underline;}

.tiddlerPopupButton {padding:0.2em 0.2em 0.2em 0.2em;}
.popupTiddler {position: absolute; z-index:300; padding:1em 1em 1em 1em; margin:0;}

.popup {position:absolute; z-index:300; font-size:.9em; padding:0; list-style:none; margin:0;}
.popup .popupMessage {padding:0.4em;}
.popup hr {display:block; height:1px; width:auto; padding:0; margin:0.2em 0em;}
.popup li.disabled {padding:0.4em;}
.popup li a {display:block; padding:0.4em; font-weight:normal; cursor:pointer;}
.listBreak {font-size:1px; line-height:1px;}
.listBreak div {margin:2px 0;}

.tabset {padding:1em 0em 0em 0.5em;}
.tab {margin:0em 0em 0em 0.25em; padding:2px;}
.tabContents {padding:0.5em;}
.tabContents ul, .tabContents ol {margin:0; padding:0;}
.txtMainTab .tabContents li {list-style:none;}
.tabContents li.listLink { margin-left:.75em;}

#contentWrapper {display:block;}
#splashScreen {display:none;}

#displayArea {margin:1em 17em 0em 14em;}

.toolbar {text-align:right; font-size:.9em;}

.tiddler {padding:1em 1em 0em 1em;}

.missing .viewer,.missing .title {font-style:italic;}

.title {font-size:1.6em; font-weight:bold;}

.missing .subtitle {display:none;}
.subtitle {font-size:1.1em;}

.tiddler .button {padding:0.2em 0.4em;}

.tagging {margin:0.5em 0.5em 0.5em 0; float:left; display:none;}
.isTag .tagging {display:block;}
.tagged {margin:0.5em; float:right;}
.tagging, .tagged {font-size:0.9em; padding:0.25em;}
.tagging ul, .tagged ul {list-style:none; margin:0.25em; padding:0;}
.tagClear {clear:both;}

.footer {font-size:.9em;}
.footer li {display:inline;}

.annotation {padding:0.5em; margin:0.5em;}

* html .viewer pre {width:99%; padding:0 0 1em 0;}
.viewer {line-height:1.4em; padding-top:0.5em;}
.viewer .button {margin:0em 0.25em; padding:0em 0.25em;}
.viewer blockquote {line-height:1.5em; padding-left:0.8em;margin-left:2.5em;}
.viewer ul, .viewer ol {margin-left:0.5em; padding-left:1.5em;}

.viewer table, table.twtable {border-collapse:collapse; margin:0.8em 1.0em;}
.viewer th, .viewer td, .viewer tr,.viewer caption,.twtable th, .twtable td, .twtable tr,.twtable caption {padding:3px;}
table.listView {font-size:0.85em; margin:0.8em 1.0em;}
table.listView th, table.listView td, table.listView tr {padding:0px 3px 0px 3px;}

.viewer pre {padding:0.5em; margin-left:0.5em; font-size:1.2em; line-height:1.4em; overflow:auto;}
.viewer code {font-size:1.2em; line-height:1.4em;}

.editor {font-size:1.1em;}
.editor input, .editor textarea {display:block; width:100%; font:inherit;}
.editorFooter {padding:0.25em 0em; font-size:.9em;}
.editorFooter .button {padding-top:0px; padding-bottom:0px;}

.fieldsetFix {border:0; padding:0; margin:1px 0px 1px 0px;}

.sparkline {line-height:1em;}
.sparktick {outline:0;}

.zoomer {font-size:1.1em; position:absolute; overflow:hidden;}
.zoomer div {padding:1em;}

* html #backstage {width:99%;}
* html #backstageArea {width:99%;}
#backstageArea {display:none; position:relative; overflow: hidden; z-index:150; padding:0.3em 0.5em 0.3em 0.5em;}
#backstageToolbar {position:relative;}
#backstageArea a {font-weight:bold; margin-left:0.5em; padding:0.3em 0.5em 0.3em 0.5em;}
#backstageButton {display:none; position:absolute; z-index:175; top:0em; right:0em;}
#backstageButton a {padding:0.1em 0.4em 0.1em 0.4em; margin:0.1em 0.1em 0.1em 0.1em;}
#backstage {position:relative; width:100%; z-index:50;}
#backstagePanel {display:none; z-index:100; position:absolute; width:90%; margin:0em 3em 0em 3em; padding:1em 1em 1em 1em;}
.backstagePanelFooter {padding-top:0.2em; float:right;}
.backstagePanelFooter a {padding:0.2em 0.4em 0.2em 0.4em;}
#backstageCloak {display:none; z-index:20; position:absolute; width:100%; height:100px;}

.whenBackstage {display:none;}
.backstageVisible .whenBackstage {display:block;}
StyleSheet for use when a translation requires any css style changes.
This StyleSheet can be used directly by languages such as Chinese, Japanese and Korean which need larger font sizes.
body {font-size:0.8em;}
#sidebarOptions {font-size:1.05em;}
#sidebarOptions a {font-style:normal;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel {font-size:0.95em;}
.subtitle {font-size:0.8em;}
.viewer table.listView {font-size:0.95em;}
@media print {
#mainMenu, #sidebar, #messageArea, .toolbar, #backstageButton, #backstageArea {display: none ! important;}
#displayArea {margin: 1em 1em 0em 1em;}
/* Fixes a feature in Firefox where print preview displays the noscript content */
noscript {display:none;}
<div class='header' macro='gradient vert [[ColorPalette::PrimaryLight]] [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]'>
<div class='headerShadow'>
<span class='siteTitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteTitle'></span>&nbsp;
<span class='siteSubtitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteSubtitle'></span>
<div class='headerForeground'>
<span class='siteTitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteTitle'></span>&nbsp;
<span class='siteSubtitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteSubtitle'></span>
<div id='mainMenu' refresh='content' tiddler='MainMenu'></div>
<div id='sidebar'>
<div id='sidebarOptions' refresh='content' tiddler='SideBarOptions'></div>
<div id='sidebarTabs' refresh='content' force='true' tiddler='SideBarTabs'></div>
<div id='displayArea'>
<div id='messageArea'></div>
<div id='tiddlerDisplay'></div>
<div class='toolbar' macro='toolbar [[ToolbarCommands::ViewToolbar]]'></div>
<div class='title' macro='view title'></div>
<div class='subtitle'><span macro='view modifier link'></span>, <span macro='view modified date'></span> (<span macro='message views.wikified.createdPrompt'></span> <span macro='view created date'></span>)</div>
<div class='tagging' macro='tagging'></div>
<div class='tagged' macro='tags'></div>
<div class='viewer' macro='view text wikified'></div>
<div class='tagClear'></div>
<div class='toolbar' macro='toolbar [[ToolbarCommands::EditToolbar]]'></div>
<div class='title' macro='view title'></div>
<div class='editor' macro='edit title'></div>
<div macro='annotations'></div>
<div class='editor' macro='edit text'></div>
<div class='editor' macro='edit tags'></div><div class='editorFooter'><span macro='message views.editor.tagPrompt'></span><span macro='tagChooser'></span></div>
To get started with this blank TiddlyWiki, you'll need to modify the following tiddlers:
* SiteTitle & SiteSubtitle: The title and subtitle of the site, as shown above (after saving, they will also appear in the browser title bar)
* MainMenu: The menu (usually on the left)
* DefaultTiddlers: Contains the names of the tiddlers that you want to appear when the TiddlyWiki is opened
You'll also need to enter your username for signing your edits: <<option txtUserName>>
These InterfaceOptions for customising TiddlyWiki are saved in your browser

Your username for signing your edits. Write it as a WikiWord (eg JoeBloggs)

<<option txtUserName>>
<<option chkSaveBackups>> SaveBackups
<<option chkAutoSave>> AutoSave
<<option chkRegExpSearch>> RegExpSearch
<<option chkCaseSensitiveSearch>> CaseSensitiveSearch
<<option chkAnimate>> EnableAnimations

Also see AdvancedOptions
Christies house bid


coffee blogger template
Milano Template


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Outside of US:
tasting wine by yourself. Thinking of the characteristics of the aroma, texture, colour, etc.

tasting wine and writing down what you discover about the wine, the positive and the not so positive.

Tasting wine and filling a tasting wine card and scoring the wine.

Tasting wine with other wine enthusiasts and comparing your appreciations.

Tasting two wines and comparing its qualities.

Doing a blind taste.

The fisrt thing to do is to educate the nose whenever you fancy. Try to apreciate herbs in the market and store the characteristics in your mind. Look for berries, kiwis, papayas, peaches, and any ripe fruit you find. Go as well for cinnamon, coffee, soils, grass and flowers. So when you apreciate a mosto you will know how to refer it to. Your mind will recollect those aromas and will be jogg when you inhale the vapors of the wine. 

instrucciones para el template

The 10 most polluted places in the world.
The 10 most expensive cities.
The 10 poorest cities.
The 10 poorest countries.
The 10 most richest countries.
The 10 most prestigious universities.
The 10 most prestigious business schools.
The 10 best companies to work for un USA (2009).
The 10 besty companies to work for in Europe (2009).
The 10 best cities to invest or do business.
Creative Commons articles index precision index

values one to four stars.

- precision against facts / notes should be submitted
- praise from other academia members (institution must be noted) 
- [[Scientific field|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_basic_science_topics#Basic_classifications]] 
- Taxonomy when apropriate
- cites to article

-value weight: 25%
- general index result (grade from 0% to 100%)

- comments or review section

Do not submit a white paper (commercial paper) showing the characteristics of a product or service. Should be a paper demonstrating your ideas respect an issue.

Follow these guides: [[Wikipedia|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academic_publishing#Scholarly_paper]] and [[Answers.com|http://www.answers.com/topic/academic-publishing]]. More detailed information can be founded [[here.|http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/Writing-and-Humanistic-Studies/21W-732-5Fall-2006/CourseHome/index.htm]]

This is a handy guide for [[grammar style|http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/subjects/e/english_language/grammar/index.html]].

For citation you can refer [[here|http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/sci;155/3767/1213?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=paper&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&resourcetype=HWCIT]].

Citation style should be [[APA|http://www.library.cornell.edu/resrch/citmanage/apa]] or [[MLA|http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/mla.html]] or another generally accepted standard.

Documents in Spanish should follow [[Norma ISO 690-2|http://www.ugr.es/~pwlac/G00_Referencias_electronicas.html]] or similar. More information [[here|http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bibliograf%C3%ADa#Fuente]]. 

Other styles: [[vancouver|http://www.fisterra.com/recursos_web/mbe/vancouver.asp]]

pa subir archivos
Allows issuers a prospectus exemption if their targeted investor audience has:
beneficially owned (alone or together with a spouse) net financial assets having an aggregate realizable value exceeding $1,000,000; or had net income before taxes exceeding $200,000 (or $300,000 if combined with a spouse) in each of the two most recent years , and a reasonable expectation of exceeding the same net income level in the current year.
Income trusts offer the potencial of higher returns, stable industries, and additional diversification.

The main disadvantagews of income trusts are iliquidity, non-guatanteed returns, and  taxes on thee return of capital.
A trust that purchases the [[assets]] of an underlying company, usually in the manufacturing, retail or services industry, in such diverse areas such as restaurants, industrial appliances or distribution, etc
[[How do investing costs hurt returns? Let us count the ways|http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-investor/investment-ideas/dont-suffer-the-high-cost-of-investing/article1462426/]]

According tp John Heinzl, columnist from The Globe and Mail,

Fees are the silent killers of investment returns. Many investors are only dimly aware that fees even exist, but over the long term, fees can cause serious damage to a portfolio.

Consider that $100,000 invested at 8 per cent for 25 years will grow to $684,847. Take off just 2 per cent in fees and that same $100,000 will grow to $429,187 – a difference of $255,660.

Studies show that about half of mutual fund investors have no idea they’re paying any fees at all. What’s more, those that are aware of fees often believe that higher costs are the price for higher returns, when in fact keeping costs low is the key to successful investing.
Many [[costs|Cost of Investing]] are associated with PPN. These products are not mutual funds; as a result, they are not held to the transparency standards of mutual funds or prospectus-based financial products.

The lack of transparency in these products prevents investors from clearly understanding all of the cost involved. Is important to conduct due diligence on PPNs.

Mosrt PPN issued by banks aren’t protected by the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation (CDIC), they are considered uninsured deposit notes.

Common costs of PPN:

Managements Fees
Early redemption  Fees
Structuring costs and guarantee Fees
[[Financial Glossary]] [[Cost of Investing]] [[Value Investing]]
|''Description:''|Lite and extensible Wysiwyg editor for TiddlyWiki.|
|''Date:''|Dec 21,2007|
|''Author:''|Pascal Collin|
|''License:''|[[BSD open source license|License]]|
|''Browser:''|Firefox 2.0; InternetExplorer 6.0|
*On the plugin [[homepage|http://visualtw.ouvaton.org/VisualTW.html]], see [[WysiwygDemo]] and use the {{{write}}} button.
#import the plugin,
#save and reload,
#use the <<toolbar easyEdit>> button in the tiddler's toolbar (in default ViewTemplate) or add {{{easyEdit}}} command in your own toolbar.
! Useful Addons
*[[HTMLFormattingPlugin|http://www.tiddlytools.com/#HTMLFormattingPlugin]] to embed wiki syntax in html tiddlers.<br>//__Tips__ : When this plugin is installed, you can use anchor syntax to link tiddlers in wysiwyg mode (example : #example). Anchors are converted back and from wiki syntax when editing.//
*[[TaggedTemplateTweak|http://www.TiddlyTools.com/#TaggedTemplateTweak]] to use alternative ViewTemplate/EditTemplate for tiddler's tagged with specific tag values.
|Buttons in the toolbar (empty = all).<br>//Example : bold,underline,separator,forecolor//<br> The buttons will appear in this order.| <<option txtEasyEditorButtons>>|
|EasyEditor default height | <<option txtEasyEditorHeight>>|
|Stylesheet applied to the edited richtext |[[EasyEditDocStyleSheet]]|
|Template called by the {{{write}}} button |[[EasyEditTemplate]]|
!How to extend EasyEditor
*To add your own buttons, add some code like the following in a systemConfig tagged tiddler (//use the prompt attribute only if there is a parameter//) :
**{{{EditorToolbar.buttons.heading = {label:"H", toolTip : "Set heading level", prompt: "Enter heading level"};}}} 
**{{{EditorToolbar.buttonsList +=",heading";}}}
*To get the list of all possible commands, see the documentation of the [[Gecko built-in rich text editor|http://developer.mozilla.org/en/docs/Midas]] or the [[IE command identifiers|http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms533049.aspx]].
*To go further in customization, see [[Link button|EasyEditPlugin-LinkButton]] as an example.


var geckoEditor={};
var IEeditor={};

config.options.txtEasyEditorHeight = config.options.txtEasyEditorHeight ? config.options.txtEasyEditorHeight : "500px";
config.options.txtEasyEditorButtons = config.options.txtEasyEditorButtons ? config.options.txtEasyEditorButtons : "";

// TW2.1.x compatibility
config.browser.isGecko = config.browser.isGecko ? config.browser.isGecko : (config.userAgent.indexOf("gecko") != -1); 
config.macros.annotations = config.macros.annotations ? config.macros.annotations : {handler : function() {}}


config.macros.easyEdit = {
	handler : function(place,macroName,params,wikifier,paramString,tiddler) {
		var field = params[0];
		var height = params[1] ? params[1] : config.options.txtEasyEditorHeight;
		var editor = field ? new easyEditor(tiddler,field,place,height) : null;
	gather: function(element){
		var iframes = element.getElementsByTagName("iframe");
		if (iframes.length!=1) return null
		var text = "<html>"+iframes[0].contentWindow.document.body.innerHTML+"</html>";
		text = config.browser.isGecko ? geckoEditor.postProcessor(text) : (config.browser.isIE ? IEeditor.postProcessor(text) : text);
		return text;


function easyEditor(tiddler,field,place,height) {
	this.tiddler = tiddler;
	this.field = field;
	this.browser = config.browser.isGecko ? geckoEditor : (config.browser.isIE ? IEeditor : null);
	this.wrapper = createTiddlyElement(place,"div",null,"easyEditor");
	this.iframe = createTiddlyElement(null,"iframe");

easyEditor.prototype.onload = function(){
	this.editor = this.iframe.contentWindow;
	this.doc = this.editor.document;
	if (!this.browser.isDocReady(this.doc)) return null;
	if (!this.tiddler.isReadOnly() && this.doc.designMode.toLowerCase()!="on") {
		this.doc.designMode = "on";
		if (this.browser.reloadOnDesignMode) return false;	// IE fire readystatechange after designMode change
	var internalCSS = store.getTiddlerText("EasyEditDocStyleSheet");

	var barElement=createTiddlyElement(null,"div",null,"easyEditorToolBar");
	this.toolbar = new EditorToolbar(this.doc,barElement,this.editor);


easyEditor.SimplePreProcessoror = function(text) {
	var re = /^<html>(.*)<\/html>$/m;
	var htmlValue = re.exec(text);
	var value = (htmlValue && (htmlValue.length>0)) ? htmlValue[1] : text;
	return value;

easyEditor.prototype.scheduleButtonsRefresh=function() { //doesn't refresh buttons state when rough typing
	if (this.nextUpdate) window.clearTimeout(this.nextUpdate);
	this.nextUpdate = window.setTimeout(contextualCallback(this.toolbar,EditorToolbar.onUpdateButton),easyEditor.buttonDelay);

easyEditor.buttonDelay = 200;


function EditorToolbar(target,parent,window){
	this.target = target;
	var row = createTiddlyElement(createTiddlyElement(createTiddlyElement(parent,"table"),"tbody"),"tr");
	var buttons = (config.options.txtEasyEditorButtons ? config.options.txtEasyEditorButtons : EditorToolbar.buttonsList).split(",");
	for(var cpt = 0; cpt < buttons.length; cpt++){
		var b = buttons[cpt];
		var button = EditorToolbar.buttons[b];
		if (button) {
			if (button.separator)
			else {
				var cell=createTiddlyElement(row,"td",null,b+"Button");
				if (button.onCreate) button.onCreate.call(this, cell, b);
				else EditorToolbar.createButton.call(this, cell, b);

EditorToolbar.createButton = function(place,name){
	this.elements[name] = createTiddlyButton(place,EditorToolbar.buttons[name].label,EditorToolbar.buttons[name].toolTip,contextualCallback(this,EditorToolbar.onCommand(name)),"button");

EditorToolbar.onCommand = function(name){
	var button = EditorToolbar.buttons[name];
	return function(){
		var parameter = false;
		if (button.prompt) {
			var parameter = this.target.queryCommandValue(name);
			parameter = prompt(button.prompt,parameter);
		if (parameter != null) {
			this.target.execCommand(name, false, parameter);
		return false;

EditorToolbar.getCommandState = function(target,name){
	try {return target.queryCommandState(name)}
	catch(e){return false}

EditorToolbar.onRefreshButton = function (name){
	if (EditorToolbar.getCommandState(this.target,name)) addClass(this.elements[name].parentNode,"buttonON");
	else removeClass(this.elements[name].parentNode,"buttonON");

EditorToolbar.onUpdateButton = function(){
	for (b in this.elements) 
		if (EditorToolbar.buttons[b].onRefresh) EditorToolbar.buttons[b].onRefresh.call(this,b);
		else EditorToolbar.onRefreshButton.call(this,b);

EditorToolbar.buttons = {
	separator : {separator : true},
	bold : {label:"B", toolTip : "Bold"},
	italic : {label:"I", toolTip : "Italic"},
	underline : {label:"U", toolTip : "Underline"},
	strikethrough : {label:"S", toolTip : "Strikethrough"},
	insertunorderedlist : {label:"\u25CF", toolTip : "Unordered list"},
	insertorderedlist : {label:"1.", toolTip : "Ordered list"},
	justifyleft : {label:"[\u2261", toolTip : "Align left"},
	justifyright : {label:"\u2261]", toolTip : "Align right"},
	justifycenter : {label:"\u2261", toolTip : "Align center"},
	justifyfull : {label:"[\u2261]", toolTip : "Justify"},
	removeformat : {label:"\u00F8", toolTip : "Remove format"},
	fontsize : {label:"\u00B1", toolTip : "Set font size", prompt: "Enter font size"},
	forecolor : {label:"C", toolTip : "Set font color", prompt: "Enter font color"},
	fontname : {label:"F", toolTip : "Set font name", prompt: "Enter font name"},
	heading : {label:"H", toolTip : "Set heading level", prompt: "Enter heading level (example : h1, h2, ...)"},
	indent : {label:"\u2192[", toolTip : "Indent paragraph"},
	outdent : {label:"[\u2190", toolTip : "Outdent paragraph"},
	inserthorizontalrule : {label:"\u2014", toolTip : "Insert an horizontal rule"},
	insertimage : {label:"\u263C", toolTip : "Insert image", prompt: "Enter image url"}

EditorToolbar.buttonsList = "bold,italic,underline,strikethrough,separator,increasefontsize,decreasefontsize,fontsize,forecolor,fontname,separator,removeformat,separator,insertparagraph,insertunorderedlist,insertorderedlist,separator,justifyleft,justifyright,justifycenter,justifyfull,indent,outdent,separator,heading,separator,inserthorizontalrule,insertimage";

if (config.browser.isGecko) {
	EditorToolbar.buttons.increasefontsize = {onCreate : EditorToolbar.createButton, label:"A", toolTip : "Increase font size"};
	EditorToolbar.buttons.decreasefontsize = {onCreate : EditorToolbar.createButton, label:"A", toolTip : "Decrease font size"};
	EditorToolbar.buttons.insertparagraph = {label:"P", toolTip : "Format as paragraph"};


geckoEditor.setupFrame = function(iframe,height,callback) {
	iframe.setAttribute("style","width: 100%; height:" + height);

geckoEditor.plugEvents = function(doc,onchange){
	doc.addEventListener("keyup", onchange, true);
	doc.addEventListener("keydown", onchange, true);
	doc.addEventListener("click", onchange, true);

geckoEditor.postProcessor = function(text){return text};

geckoEditor.preProcessor = function(text){return easyEditor.SimplePreProcessoror(text)}

geckoEditor.isDocReady = function() {return true;}


geckoEditor.initContent = function(doc,content){
	if (content) doc.execCommand("insertHTML",false,geckoEditor.preProcessor(content));

IEeditor.setupFrame = function(iframe,height,callback) {
	iframe.width="99%";  //IE displays the iframe at the bottom if 100%. CSS layout problem ? I don't know. To be studied...

IEeditor.plugEvents = function(doc,onchange){
	doc.attachEvent("onkeyup", onchange);
	doc.attachEvent("onkeydown", onchange);
	doc.attachEvent("onclick", onchange);

IEeditor.isDocReady = function(doc){
	if (doc.readyState!="complete") return false;
	if (!doc.body) return false;
	return (doc && doc.getElementsByTagName && doc.getElementsByTagName("head") && doc.getElementsByTagName("head").length>0);

IEeditor.postProcessor = function(text){return text};

IEeditor.preProcessor = function(text){return easyEditor.SimplePreProcessoror(text)}


IEeditor.initContent = function(doc,content){
	if (content) doc.body.innerHTML=IEeditor.preProcessor(content);
function contextualCallback(obj,func){
    return function(){return func.call(obj)}
Story.prototype.previousGatherSaveEasyEdit = Story.prototype.previousGatherSaveEasyEdit ? Story.prototype.previousGatherSaveEasyEdit : Story.prototype.gatherSaveFields; // to avoid looping if this line is called several times
Story.prototype.gatherSaveFields = function(e,fields){
	if(e && e.getAttribute) {
		var f = e.getAttribute("easyEdit");
			var newVal = config.macros.easyEdit.gather(e);
			if (newVal) fields[f] = newVal;
		this.previousGatherSaveEasyEdit(e, fields);

	text: "write",
	tooltip: "Edit this tiddler in wysiwyg mode",
	readOnlyText: "view",
	readOnlyTooltip: "View the source of this tiddler",
	handler : function(event,src,title) {
		var tiddlerElem = document.getElementById(story.idPrefix + title);
		var fields = tiddlerElem.getAttribute("tiddlyFields");
		return false;

config.shadowTiddlers.ViewTemplate = config.shadowTiddlers.ViewTemplate.replace(/\+editTiddler/,"+editTiddler easyEdit");

config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditTemplate = config.shadowTiddlers.EditTemplate.replace(/macro='edit text'/,"macro='easyEdit text'");

config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet = "/*{{{*/\n";
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar {font-size:0.8em}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".editor iframe {border:1px solid #DDD}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar td{border:1px solid #888; padding:2px 1px 2px 1px; vertical-align:middle}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar td.separator{border:0}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .button{border:0;color:#444}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .buttonON{background-color:#EEE}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar {margin:0.25em 0}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .boldButton {font-weight:bold}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .italicButton .button {font-style:italic;padding-right:0.65em}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .underlineButton .button {text-decoration:underline}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .strikeButton .button {text-decoration:line-through}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .unorderedListButton {margin-left:0.7em}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .justifyleftButton .button {padding-left:0.1em}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .justifyrightButton .button {padding-right:0.1em}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .justifyfullButton .button, .easyEditorToolBar .indentButton .button, .easyEditorToolBar .outdentButton .button {padding-left:0.1em;padding-right:0.1em}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .increasefontsizeButton .button {padding-left:0.15em;padding-right:0.15em; font-size:1.3em; line-height:0.75em}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .decreasefontsizeButton .button {padding-left:0.4em;padding-right:0.4em; font-size:0.8em;}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .forecolorButton .button {color:red;}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += ".easyEditorToolBar .fontnameButton .button {font-family:serif}\n" ;
config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet +="/*}}}*/";

store.addNotification("EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet", refreshStyles); 

config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditDocStyleSheet = "/*{{{*/\n \n/*}}}*/";
if (config.annotations) config.annotations.EasyEditDocStyleSheet = "This stylesheet is applied when editing a text with the wysiwyg easyEditor";

!Link button add-on
EditorToolbar.createLinkButton = function(place,name) {
	this.elements[name] = createTiddlyButton(place,EditorToolbar.buttons[name].label,EditorToolbar.buttons[name].toolTip,contextualCallback(this,EditorToolbar.onInputLink()),"button");

EditorToolbar.onInputLink = function() {
	return function(){
		var browser = config.browser.isGecko ? geckoEditor : (config.browser.isIE ? IEeditor : null);
		var value = browser ? browser.getLink(this.target) : "";
		value = prompt(EditorToolbar.buttons["createlink"].prompt,value);
		if (value) browser.doLink(this.target,value);
		else if (value=="") this.target.execCommand("unlink", false, value);
		return false;

EditorToolbar.buttonsList += ",separator,createlink";

EditorToolbar.buttons.createlink = {onCreate : EditorToolbar.createLinkButton, label:"L", toolTip : "Set link", prompt: "Enter link url"};

	var range=doc.defaultView.getSelection().getRangeAt(0);
	var container = range.commonAncestorContainer;
	var node = (container.nodeType==3) ? container.parentNode : range.startContainer.childNodes[range.startOffset];
	if (node && node.tagName=="A") {
		var r=doc.createRange();
		return (node.getAttribute("tiddler") ? "#"+node.getAttribute("tiddler") : node.href);
	else return (container.nodeType==3 ? "#"+container.textContent.substr(range.startOffset, range.endOffset-range.startOffset).replace(/ $/,"") : "");

geckoEditor.doLink=function(doc,link){ // store tiddler in a temporary attribute to avoid url encoding of tiddler's name
	var pin = "href"+Math.random().toString().substr(3);
	doc.execCommand("createlink", false, pin);
	var isTiddler=(link.charAt(0)=="#");
	var node = doc.defaultView.getSelection().getRangeAt(0).commonAncestorContainer;
	var links= (node.nodeType!=3) ? node.getElementsByTagName("a") : [node.parentNode];
	for (var cpt=0;cpt<links.length;cpt++) 
			if (links[cpt].href==pin){
				links[cpt].href=isTiddler ? "javascript:;" : link; 
				links[cpt].setAttribute("tiddler",isTiddler ? link.substr(1) : "");

geckoEditor.beforeLinkPostProcessor = geckoEditor.beforelinkPostProcessor ? geckoEditor.beforelinkPostProcessor : geckoEditor.postProcessor;
geckoEditor.postProcessor = function(text){
	return geckoEditor.beforeLinkPostProcessor(text).replace(/<a tiddler="([^"]*)" href="javascript:;">(.*?)(?:<\/a>)/gi,"[[$2|$1]]").replace(/<a tiddler="" href="/gi,'<a href="');

geckoEditor.beforeLinkPreProcessor = geckoEditor.beforeLinkPreProcessor ? geckoEditor.beforeLinkPreProcessor : geckoEditor.preProcessor
geckoEditor.preProcessor = function(text){
	return geckoEditor.beforeLinkPreProcessor(text).replace(/\[\[([^|\]]*)\|([^\]]*)]]/g,'<a tiddler="$2" href="javascript:;">$1</a>');

	var node=doc.selection.createRange().parentElement();
	if (node.tagName=="A") return node.href;
	else return (doc.selection.type=="Text"? "#"+doc.selection.createRange().text.replace(/ $/,"") :"");

	doc.execCommand("createlink", false, link);

IEeditor.beforeLinkPreProcessor = IEeditor.beforeLinkPreProcessor ? IEeditor.beforeLinkPreProcessor : IEeditor.preProcessor
IEeditor.preProcessor = function(text){
	return IEeditor.beforeLinkPreProcessor(text).replace(/\[\[([^|\]]*)\|([^\]]*)]]/g,'<a ref="#$2">$1</a>');

IEeditor.beforeLinkPostProcessor = IEeditor.beforelinkPostProcessor ? IEeditor.beforelinkPostProcessor : IEeditor.postProcessor;
IEeditor.postProcessor = function(text){
	return IEeditor.beforeLinkPostProcessor(text).replace(/<a href="#([^>]*)">([^<]*)<\/a>/gi,"[[$2|$1]]");

IEeditor.beforeLinkInitContent = IEeditor.beforeLinkInitContent ? IEeditor.beforeLinkInitContent : IEeditor.initContent;
IEeditor.initContent = function(doc,content){
	var links=doc.body.getElementsByTagName("A");
	for (var cpt=0; cpt<links.length; cpt++) {
		links[cpt].href=links[cpt].ref; //to avoid IE conversion of relative URLs to absolute

config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditToolBarStyleSheet += "\n/*{{{*/\n.easyEditorToolBar .createlinkButton .button {color:blue;text-decoration:underline;}\n/*}}}*/";

config.shadowTiddlers.EasyEditDocStyleSheet += "\n/*{{{*/\na {color:#0044BB;font-weight:bold}\n/*}}}*/";

- Structured as debt instruments that include as principal guarantee and interest payments. Performance is tied to an underlying asset.
- Investors can access markets they normally could not access with a small investment while still protecting the principal invested.
- Disadvantage: Less transparent than the information available with mutual funds, and this makes them more difficult to evaluate.
- Risks include marketm liquidity, credit, currency and operational risks.

Hedge Funds:
- Lightly regulated pools of capital run by managers who have great flexibility in applying a variety of investment strategies.
- Manager focus is on absolute returns in any market condition, lower corrrelation with traditional assets classesm and the potential for lower volatility and higher returns.
- Risks includes complex investments strategies, lighter regulatory oversight, market, liquidity and operational risks.

Commodity Pools:
- Structured as managed future funds that are structured and sold as mutual funds. They actively trade derivatives products and physiccal comodities (oil, gas, soy beans, silver, gold, etc).
- Manager focus is on absolute returns in any market condition, diversification against traditional asset classes, and top manager talent.
- Risks include currency, leverage, and trading risk.

Closed-end Funds:
- A managed pool os securities traded on a [[stock]] exchange that has a fixed number of shares.
- Offer certain opportunities for investment returns not available to investors in regular [[mutual fund]]s, such a short selling and [[leverage]].
- Risks relates mainly to trading, liquidity, and leverage. they do not necessarity [[trade]] at they [[net asset value]].

Segregated Funds:
- Is an [[insurance]] [[contract]] with two parts: an investment that produces the return and an insurance policy thatcovers the risk.
- Includes a [[maturity]] guarantee that protects investor's principal from market declines.
- Other features are death benefits, creditor protection and opportunity to reset the term.
- Risk includes exposure to markets, much like mutual funds.

Exchange-traded Funds:
- Baskets of securities that are constructed like mutual funds but traded like individual stocks on an exchange. ~ETFs are similar to index mutual funds in that they will hold the same stocks, bonds or other securities in the same proportion as those included in a specific market index.
- Key advantages incluude diversification through 'buying' the market, low management and operational costs, and tax efficiency,
- Risks include the same as individual stocks, including market and sector risks, trading risks, foreign exchange risk, and tracking error.

Income Trusts:
- Investment Trusts are ccreated to purchase and hold interests in the income generating assets of a company's operations. Incomme from these operating assets flows through to the trust, which in turn passes on the income to the trust unitholders.
- Main advantages include historically higher returns, stabble industries, and additional diversification.
- Risks include illiquidity, non-guarantee of returns and return of capital.  
Non linear financial terms.

In this wiki you'll find financial terms for Investment Funds designation, Securities Designation and Investment Management Techniques (IMT)

Use the search box or click in the links.

For more information, visit [[www.mauricioortiz.net|http://www.mauricioortiz.net]] or [[mauriciortiz.tumblr.com|http://mauriciortiz.tumblr.com]]

You can follow me on [[twitter.com/_mauricioortiz_|http://twitter.com/_mauricioortiz_]]
|Author|Eric Shulman|
|License|http://www.TiddlyTools.com/#LegalStatements <br>and [[Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 License|http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/]]|
|Description|clicking an external link opens an IFRAME following the link instead of opening a new tab/window|
This plugin causes clicks on external links to be rendered as inline frames (~IFRAMEs) instead of opening new browser tabs/windows.
Use standard TiddlyWiki external link syntax into your tiddler content. If {{{chkFramedLinks}}} is enabled or the tiddler is tagged with 'framedLinks' (see Configuration), then whenever you click the external link an IFRAME will be dynamically added to the content.  Clicking on the link again removes the IFRAME.  Hold down any modifier (shift, control, or alt) while clicking a link ''temporarily'' bypasses the IFRAME handling and use the standard link handling behavior.
<<option chkFramedLinks>> display inline frames for all external links
&nbsp; &nbsp; {{{<<option chkFramedLinks>>}}}
<<option chkFramedLinksTag>> display inline frames for external links in tiddlers tagged with: <<option txtFramedLinksTag>> 
&nbsp; &nbsp; {{{<<option chkFramedLinksTag>> <<option txtFramedLinksTag>>}}}
IFRAME size (CSS units: %, em, px, cm, in) - width: <<option txtFrameWidth>> height: <<option txtFrameHeight>>
&nbsp; &nbsp; {{{<<option txtFrameWidth>> <<option txtFrameHeight>>}}}
Try these links:
2008.11.14 [1.1.1] fixed handling for external links embedded in //shadow// tiddlers
2008.09.13 [1.1.0] added support to selectively enable embedded IFRAMEs if the containing tiddler is tagged with 'framedLinks'
2007.11.29 [1.0.5] added slider animation and improved CSS handling for IFRAME height/width to maximize display area
2007.11.29 [1.0.0] initial release
version.extensions.FramedLinksPlugin= {major: 1, minor: 1, revision: 1, date: new Date(2008,11,14)};

var co=config.options; // abbreviation
if (co.chkFramedLinks==undefined) co.chkFramedLinks=false;
if (co.chkFramedLinksTag==undefined) co.chkFramedLinksTag=true;
if (co.txtFramedLinksTag==undefined) co.txtFramedLinksTag="framedLinks";
if (co.txtFrameWidth==undefined) co.txtFrameWidth="100%";
if (co.txtFrameHeight==undefined) co.txtFrameHeight="80%";

	var link=this.framedLinks_createExternalLink.apply(this,arguments);
	link.onclick=function(ev) { var e=ev?ev:window.event;
		var co=config.options; // abbreviation
		var here=story.findContainingTiddler(this);
		if (here) var tid=store.getTiddler(here.getAttribute("tiddler"));
		var enabled=co.chkFramedLinks || co.chkFramedLinksTag && tid && tid.isTagged(co.txtFramedLinksTag);
		if (!enabled || e.ctrlKey || e.shiftKey || e.altKey) return; // BYPASS
		var p=this.parentNode; 
		var f=this.nextSibling?this.nextSibling.firstChild:null; // get the IFRAME... maybe...
		var w=co.txtFrameWidth; if (!w || !w.length) w="100%";
		var h=co.txtFrameHeight; if (!h || !h.length) h="80%";
		if (h.indexOf("%")) h=(findWindowHeight()*h.replace(/%/,"")/100)+"px"; // calc height as % of window
		var showing=f && f.nodeName.toUpperCase()=="IFRAME"; // does IFRAME really exist?
		var stretchCell=p.nodeName.toUpperCase()=="TD" && w.indexOf("%")!=-1 && w.replace(/%/,"")>=100;
		if (!showing) { // create an iframe
			link.style.display="block"; // force IFRAME onto line following link
			if (stretchCell) { p.setAttribute("savedWidth",p.style.width); p.style.width="100%"; } // adjust TD so IFRAME stretches
			var wrapper=createTiddlyElement(null,"span"); // wrapper for slider animation
			wrapper.setAttribute("url",this.href); // for async loading of frame after animation completes
			var f=createTiddlyElement(wrapper,"iframe"); // create IFRAME
			f.style.backgroundColor="#fff"; f.style.width=w; f.style.height=h;
			function loadURL(wrapper) { var f=wrapper.firstChild; var url=wrapper.getAttribute("url");
				var d=f.contentDocument?f.contentDocument:(f.contentWindow?f.contentWindow.document:f.document);
				d.open(); d.writeln("<html>connecting to "+url+"</html>"); d.close();
				try { f.src=url; } // if the iframe can't handle the href
				catch(e) { alert(e.description?e.description:e.toString()); } // ... then report the error
			if (!co.chkAnimate) loadURL(wrapper);
			else {
				var morph=new Slider(wrapper,true);
				morph.properties.push({style: 'width', start: 0, end: 100, template: '%0%'});
		} else { // remove iframe
			link.style.display="inline"; // restore link style
			if (stretchCell) p.style.width=p.getAttribute("savedWidth"); // restore previous width of TD
			if (!co.chkAnimate) p.removeChild(f.parentNode);
			else {
				var morph=new Slider(f.parentNode,false,false,"all");
				morph.properties.push({style: 'width', start: 100, end: 0, template: '%0%'});
		e.cancelBubble=true; if (e.stopPropagation) e.stopPropagation(); return false;
	return link;
To get started with this blank TiddlyWiki, you'll need to modify the following tiddlers:
* SiteTitle & SiteSubtitle: The title and subtitle of the site, as shown above (after saving, they will also appear in the browser title bar)
* MainMenu: The menu (usually on the left)
* DefaultTiddlers: Contains the names of the tiddlers that you want to appear when the TiddlyWiki is opened
You'll also need to enter your username for signing your edits: <<option txtUserName>>
|Author|Eric Shulman|
|Description|embed wiki syntax formatting inside of HTML content|
The ~HTMLFormatting plugin allows you to ''mix wiki-style formatting syntax within HTML formatted content'' by extending the action of the standard TiddlyWiki formatting handler.
>see [[HTMLFormattingPluginInfo]]
Use {{{<hide linebreaks>}}} within HTML content to wiki-style rendering of line breaks.  To //always// omit all line breaks from the rendered output, you can set this option:
><<option chkHTMLHideLinebreaks>> ignore all line breaks
which can also be 'hard coded' into your document by adding the following to a tiddler, tagged with <<tag systemConfig>>
2010.05.07 2.4.1 added chkHTMLHideLinebreaks option
| see [[HTMLFormattingPluginInfo]] for additional revision details |
2005.06.26 1.0.0 Initial Release (as code adaptation - pre-dates TiddlyWiki plugin architecture!!)
version.extensions.HTMLFormattingPlugin= {major: 2, minor: 4, revision: 1, date: new Date(2010,5,7)};

// find the formatter for HTML and replace the handler
function initHTMLFormatter()
	for (var i=0; i<config.formatters.length && config.formatters[i].name!="html"; i++);
	if (i<config.formatters.length)	config.formatters[i].handler=function(w) {
		if (!this.lookaheadRegExp)  // fixup for TW2.0.x
			this.lookaheadRegExp = new RegExp(this.lookahead,"mg");
		this.lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex = w.matchStart;
		var lookaheadMatch = this.lookaheadRegExp.exec(w.source)
		if(lookaheadMatch && lookaheadMatch.index == w.matchStart) {
			var html=lookaheadMatch[1];
			// if <nowiki> is present, just let browser handle it!
			if (html.indexOf('<nowiki>')!=-1)
			else {
				// if <hide linebreaks> is present, or chkHTMLHideLinebreaks is set
				// suppress wiki-style literal handling of newlines
				if (config.options.chkHTMLHideLinebreaks||(html.indexOf('<hide linebreaks>')!=-1))
					html=html.replace(/\n/g,' ');
				// remove all \r's added by IE textarea and mask newlines and macro brackets
				// create span, let browser parse HTML
				var e=createTiddlyElement(w.output,"span"); e.innerHTML=html;
				// then re-render text nodes as wiki-formatted content
			w.nextMatch = this.lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex; // continue parsing

// wikify #text nodes that remain after HTML content is processed (pre-order recursion)
function wikifyTextNodes(theNode,w)
	function unmask(s) { return s.replace(/\%%\(/g,'<<').replace(/\)\%%/g,'>>').replace(/\\n/g,'\n'); }
	switch (theNode.nodeName.toLowerCase()) {
		case 'style': case 'option': case 'select':
		case 'textarea':
		case '#text':
			var txt=unmask(theNode.nodeValue);
			var newNode=createTiddlyElement(null,"span");
			for (var i=0;i<theNode.childNodes.length;i++)
				wikifyTextNodes(theNode.childNodes.item(i),w); // recursion
Investopedia explains Hedge Fund
For the most part, hedge funds (unlike mutual funds) are unregulated because they cater to sophisticated investors. In the U.S., laws require that the majority of investors in the fund be accredited. That is, they must earn a minimum amount of money annually and have a net worth of more than $1 million, along with a significant amount of investment knowledge. You can think of hedge funds as mutual funds for the super rich. They are similar to mutual funds in that investments are pooled and professionally managed, but differ in that the fund has far more flexibility in its investment strategies.   

It is important to note that hedging is actually the practice of attempting to reduce risk, but the goal of most hedge funds is to maximize return on investment. The name is mostly historical, as the first hedge funds tried to hedge against the downside risk of a bear market by shorting the market (mutual funds generally can't enter into short positions as one of their primary goals). Nowadays, hedge funds use dozens of different strategies, so it isn't accurate to say that hedge funds just "hedge risk". In fact, because hedge fund managers make speculative investments, these funds can carry more risk than the overall market.
Income trusts are [[investment]] trusts created to purchase and hold interests in the income generating [[assets]] of a company's operations. Income from these operating assets flows through to the trust, wich in  turn passes on the income to the trust [[unitholders]]. The income mantains its characteristics and flows trhrough the unitholder as interest, dividends, capital gains or return of capital and is taxed in the unitholder's hands. These securities are exchange-traded in Canada on the Toronto Stock Exchange.

Many existing trusts operate in mature, stable industries and are common in the real estate and oil and gas sectors. The underlying company does not intend to do a great deal of exploration or upgrading of equipment. It may not intend to grow the business at all. For these two reasons, the payout to the unitholder can be higher than would be the case if the company had decided to issie common shares.
Is an incorporated company or trust that is established for the purpose of managing the fund's investments for persons who invest in it.

By selling sharees or units to investors, the fund gathers money and it is invested in accordance to the fund's investment policies and objectives by the fund portfolio manager.

The fund earns income from the dividends and interest it receives on the securities it holds from the capital gains it may make by buying and selling securities held in its portfolio.

A mutual fund may be structured as either trust or a corporation.

Mutual funds may also be set up as federal or provincial corporations. Provided they meet certain conditions set out in the Income Tax Act, mutual funds corporation's holdings must consist mainly of a diversified portfolio of securities.

The income that the mutual fund corporation  earns must be derived primarily from the interest and dividends paid out by these securities and any capital gains realized from the sale of these securities for a profit.

Investors of a mutual fund corporation receives shares instead of units.  
[[W|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Investment]] Investment is the commitment of [[money]] or capital to purchase financial instruments or other assets in order to gain profitable returns in the form of interest, income, or appreciation of the value of the instrument. It is related to saving or deferring consumption. Investment is involved in many areas of the [[economy]], such as business management and finance no matter for households, firms, or governments. An investment involves the choice by an individual or an organization such as a pension fund, after some analysis or thought, to place or lend money in a vehicle, instrument or asset, such as property, commodity, stock, bond, financial derivatives  (e.g. futures or options), or the foreign asset denominated in foreign currency, that has certain level of risk and provides the possibility of generating returns over a period of time.

Investment comes with the risk of the loss of the principal sum. The investment that has not been thoroughly analyzed can be highly risky with respect to the investment owner because the possibility of losing money is not within the owner's control. The difference between speculation and investment can be subtle. It depends on the investment owner's mind whether the purpose is for lending the resource to someone else for economic purpose or not.

In the case of investment, rather than store the good produced or its money equivalent, the investor chooses to use that good either to create a durable consumer or producer good, or to lend the original saved good to another in exchange for either interest or a share of the profits. In the first case, the individual creates durable consumer goods, hoping the services from the good will make his life better. In the second, the individual becomes an entrepreneur using the resource to produce goods and services for others in the hope of a profitable sale. The third case describes a lender, and the fourth describes an investor in a share of the business. In each case, the consumer obtains a durable asset or investment, and accounts for that asset by recording an equivalent liability. As time passes, and both prices and interest rates change, the value of the asset and liability also change.

An asset is usually purchased, or equivalently a deposit is made in a bank, in hopes of getting a future return or interest from it. The word originates in the Latin "vestis", meaning garment, and refers to the act of putting things (money or other claims to resources) into others' pockets. The basic meaning of the term being an asset held to have some recurring or capital gains. It is an asset that is expected to give returns without any work on the asset per se. The term "investment" is used differently in economics and in finance. Economists refer to a real investment (such as a machine or a house), while financial economists refer to a financial asset, such as money that is put into a bank or the market, which may then be used to buy a real asset.
Refers to the readiness with which an asset can be sold without requiring the seller to make a large price concession.
|''Name:''|LoadRemoteFileThroughProxy (previous LoadRemoteFileHijack)|
|''Description:''|When the TiddlyWiki file is located on the web (view over http) the content of [[SiteProxy]] tiddler is added in front of the file url. If [[SiteProxy]] does not exist "/proxy/" is added. |
|''Date:''|mar 17, 2007|
|''Author:''|BidiX (BidiX (at) bidix (dot) info)|
|''License:''|[[BSD open source license|http://tiddlywiki.bidix.info/#%5B%5BBSD%20open%20source%20license%5D%5D ]]|
version.extensions.LoadRemoteFileThroughProxy = {
 major: 1, minor: 1, revision: 0, 
 date: new Date("mar 17, 2007"), 
 source: "http://tiddlywiki.bidix.info/#LoadRemoteFileThroughProxy"};

if (!window.bidix) window.bidix = {}; // bidix namespace
if (!bidix.core) bidix.core = {};

bidix.core.loadRemoteFile = loadRemoteFile;
loadRemoteFile = function(url,callback,params)
 if ((document.location.toString().substr(0,4) == "http") && (url.substr(0,4) == "http")){ 
 url = store.getTiddlerText("SiteProxy", "/proxy/") + url;
 return bidix.core.loadRemoteFile(url,callback,params);
the holder of a locked-in plan cannot withdraw any of the money until the holder reaches a particular age depending upon the province of residence (Canada)
<html>When a registered pension plan is terminated prior to retirement (ex. when an individual changes employers), plan funds may be transferred to a LIRA. The funds cannot be withdrawn before the holder reaches a designated age.<br></html>
Refers to the market for securities with a remaining life or maturity of of more than one year.
Bond with a long maturity date.
Liabilities that are not likely to be paid in one year.
MSG: Is This Silent Killer Lurking in Your Kitchen Cabinets 

by Dr. Mercola 

A widespread and silent killer that’s worse for your health than alcohol, nicotine and many drugs is likely lurking in your kitchen cabinets right now.[1] “It” is monosodium glutamate (MSG), a flavor enhancer that’s known widely as an addition to Chinese food, but that’s actually added to thousands of the foods you and your family regularly eat, especially if you are like most Americans and eat the majority of your food as processed foods or in restaurants.

MSG is one of the worst  food additives on the market and is used in canned soups, crackers, meats, salad dressings, frozen dinners and  much more. It’s found in your local supermarket and restaurants, in your child’s school cafeteria and, amazingly, even in baby food and infant formula.

MSG is more than just a seasoning like salt and pepper, it actually enhances the flavor of foods, making processed meats and frozen dinners taste fresher and smell better, salad dressings more tasty, and canned foods less tinny.

While MSG’s benefits to the food industry are quite clear, this food additive could be slowly and silently doing major damage to your health.

What Exactly is MSG?

You may remember when the MSG powder called “Accent” first hit the U.S. market. Well, it was many decades prior to this, in 1908, that monosodium glutamate was invented. The inventor was Kikunae Ikeda, a Japanese man who identified the natural flavor enhancing substance of seaweed. 

Taking a hint from this substance, they were able to create the man-made additive MSG, and he and a partner went on to form Ajinomoto, which is now the world’s largest producer of MSG (and interestingly also a drug manufacturer).[2]

Chemically speaking, MSG is approximately 78 percent free glutamic acid, 21 percent sodium, and up to 1 percent contaminants.[3]

It’s a misconception that MSG is a flavor or “meat tenderizer.” In reality, MSG has very little taste at all, yet when you eat MSG, you think the food you’re eating has more protein and tastes better. It does this by tricking your tongue, using a little-known fifth basic taste: umami.

Umami is the taste of glutamate, which is a savory flavor found in many Japanese foods, bacon and also in the toxic food additive MSG. It is because of umami that foods with MSG taste heartier, more robust and generally better to a lot of people than foods without it.

The ingredient didn’t become widespread in the United States until after World War II, when the U.S. military realized Japanese rations were much tastier than the U.S. versions because of MSG.

In 1959, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration labeled MSG as “Generally Recognized as Safe” (GRAS), and it has remained that way ever since. Yet, it was a telling sign when just 10 years later a condition known as “Chinese Restaurant Syndrome” entered the medical literature, describing the numerous side effects, from numbness to heart palpitations, that people experienced after eating MSG.

Today that syndrome is more appropriately called “MSG Symptom Complex,” which the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) identifies as "short-term reactions" to MSG. More on those “reactions” to come.

Why MSG is so Dangerous

One of the best overviews of the very real dangers of MSG comes from Dr. Russell Blaylock, a board-certified neurosurgeon and author of “Excitotoxins: The Taste that Kills.” In it he explains that MSG is an excitotoxin, which means it overexcites your cells to the point of damage or death, causing brain damage to varying degrees -- and potentially even triggering or worsening learning disabilities, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Lou Gehrig’s disease and more.

Part of the problem also is that free glutamic acid is the same neurotransmitter that your brain, nervous system, eyes, pancreas and other organs use to initiate certain processes in your body.[4] Even the FDA states:

“Studies have shown that the body uses glutamate, an amino acid, as a nerve impulse transmitter in the brain and that there are glutamate-responsive tissues in other parts of the body, as well. 

Abnormal function of glutamate receptors has been linked with certain neurological diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease and Huntington's chorea. Injections of glutamate in laboratory animals have resulted in damage to nerve cells in the brain.”[5]

Although the FDA continues to claim that consuming MSG in food does not cause these ill effects, many other experts say otherwise. 

According to Dr. Blaylock, numerous glutamate receptors have been found both within your heart's electrical conduction system and the heart muscle itself. This can be damaging to your heart, and may even explain the sudden deaths sometimes seen among young athletes. 

He says:

“When an excess of food-borne excitotoxins, such as MSG, hydrolyzed protein soy protein isolate and concentrate, natural flavoring, sodium caseinate and aspartate from aspartame, are consumed, these glutamate receptors are over-stimulated, producing cardiac arrhythmias. 

When magnesium stores are low, as we see in athletes, the glutamate receptors are so sensitive that even low levels of these excitotoxins can result in cardiac arrhythmias and death.”[6]

Many other adverse effects have also been linked to regular consumption of MSG, including:

Eye damage 
Fatigue and disorientation 
Further, even the FDA admits that “short-term reactions” known as MSG Symptom Complex can occur in certain groups of people, namely those who have eaten “large doses” of MSG or those who have asthma.[7] 

According to the FDA, MSG Symptom Complex can involve symptoms such as:

Burning sensation 
Facial pressure or tightness 
Chest pain or difficulty breathing 
Rapid heartbeat 
No one knows for sure just how many people may be “sensitive” to MSG, but studies from the 1970s suggested that 25 percent to 30 percent of the U.S. population was intolerant of MSG -- at levels then found in food. Since the use of MSG has expanded dramatically since that time, it’s been estimated that up to 40 percent of the population may be impacted.[8]

How to Determine if MSG is in Your Food 

Food manufacturers are not stupid, and they’ve caught on to the fact that people like you want to avoid eating this nasty food additive. As a result, do you think they responded by removing MSG from their products? Well, a few may have, but most of them just tried to “clean” their labels. In other words, they tried to hide the fact that MSG is an ingredient.

How do they do this? By using names that you would never associate with MSG.

You see, it’s required by the FDA that food manufacturers list the ingredient “monosodium glutamate” on food labels, but they do not have to label ingredients that contain free glutamic acid, even though it’s the main component of MSG.

There are over 40 labeled ingredients that contain glutamic acid,[9] but you’d never know it just from their names alone. Further, in some foods glutamic acid is formed during processing and, again, food labels give you no way of knowing for sure.  

Tips for Keeping MSG Out of Your Diet

In general, if a food is processed you can assume it contains MSG (or one of its pseudo-ingredients). So if you stick to a whole, fresh foods diet, you can pretty much guarantee that you’ll avoid this toxin.

The other place where you’ll need to watch out for MSG is in restaurants. You can ask your server which menu items are MSG-free, and request that no MSG be added to your meal, but of course the only place where you can be entirely sure of what’s added to your food is in your own kitchen.

To be on the safe side, you should also know what ingredients to watch out for on packaged foods. Here is a list of ingredients that ALWAYS contain MSG:

 Autolyzed Yeast  Calcium Caseinate Gelatin  
 Glutamate Glutamic Acid Hydrolyzed Protein  
 Monopotassium Glutamate Monosodium Glutamate  Sodium Caseinate  
 Textured Protein Yeast Extract Yeast Food  
 Yeast Nutrient     

These ingredients OFTEN contain MSG or create MSG during processing:[10]

 Flavors and Flavorings Seasonings  Natural Flavors and Flavorings  Natural Pork Flavoring Natural Beef Flavoring  
 Natural Chicken Flavoring Soy Sauce  Soy Protein Isolate  Soy Protein  Bouillon  
 Stock  Broth  Malt Extract  Malt Flavoring  Barley Malt  
 Anything Enzyme Modified Carrageenan  Maltodextrin  Pectin  Enzymes  
 Protease  Corn Starch  Citric Acid  Powdered Milk  Anything Protein Fortified  
  Anything Ultra-Pasteurized        

So if you do eat processed foods, please remember to be on the lookout for these many hidden names for MSG.

Choosing to be MSG-Free 

Making a decision to avoid MSG in your diet as much as possible is a wise choice for nearly everyone. Admittedly, it does take a bit more planning and time in the kitchen to prepare food at home, using fresh, locally grown ingredients. But knowing that your food is pure and free of toxic additives like MSG will make it well worth it. 

Plus, choosing whole foods will ultimately give you better flavor and more health value than any MSG-laden processed food you could buy at your supermarket.


[1] Mercola.com “The Shocking Dangers of MSG You Don’t Know,” video Part 1


[2] Price-Pottenger Nutrition Foundation, Samuels, Jack “MSG Dangers and Deceptions”


[3] Price-Pottenger Nutrition Foundation, Samuels, Jack “MSG Dangers and Deceptions”


[4] MSGTruth.org “What Exactly is MSG?”


[5] U.S. Food and Drug Administration “FDA and Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)” August 31, 1995


[6] eMediaWire “Athlete Alert: Renowned Neurosurgeon Identifies Aspartame & MSG in Sudden Cardiac Death” April 15, 2005

[7] FDA Consumer Magazine “MSG: A Common Flavor Enhancer” January-February 2003


[8] TruthinLabeling.org “This is What the Data Say About Monosodium Glutamate Toxicity and Human Adverse Reactions” 


[9] Price-Pottenger Nutrition Foundation, Samuels, Jack “MSG Dangers and Deceptions”


[10] Price-Pottenger Nutrition Foundation, Samuels, Jack “MSG Dangers and Deceptions”


Related Links: 

  How to Find Hidden MSG on Food Labels

  The Shocking Dangers of MSG You Don’t Know

  MSG is Why You Want to Avoid McDonald's Like the Plague
[[WelcomeToTiddlyspot]] [[GettingStarted]] [[Investment]]
The amount that an investor is required to leave on deposit when using borrowed funds to purchase securities. The marking is usually a fixed percentage of the value of the securities.
A mutual fund is a professionally managed type of collective [[investment]] scheme that pools money from many investors and invests typically in investment securities (stocks, bonds, short-term money market instruments, other mutual funds, other securities, and/or commodities such as precious metals). The mutual fund will have a fund manager that trades (buys and sells) the fund's investments in accordance with the fund's investment objective.


<div id='header' class='header' macro='gradient vert #555555 #3b3b3b '>
 <div class='siteTitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteTitle'></div>
 <span id='topMenu' refresh='content' tiddler='MainMenu'></span>

<div id='sidebar'>
<div id='sidebarOptions' refresh='content' tiddler='SideBarOptions'></div>
<div id='sidebarTabs' refresh='content' force='true' tiddler='SideBarTabs'></div>
<div id='displayArea'>
<div id='messageArea'></div>
<div id='tiddlerDisplay'></div>
|''Description:''|Extends TiddlyWiki options with non encrypted password option.|
|''Date:''|Apr 19, 2007|
|''Author:''|BidiX (BidiX (at) bidix (dot) info)|
|''License:''|[[BSD open source license|http://tiddlywiki.bidix.info/#%5B%5BBSD%20open%20source%20license%5D%5D ]]|
|''~CoreVersion:''|2.2.0 (Beta 5)|
version.extensions.PasswordOptionPlugin = {
	major: 1, minor: 0, revision: 2, 
	date: new Date("Apr 19, 2007"),
	source: 'http://tiddlywiki.bidix.info/#PasswordOptionPlugin',
	author: 'BidiX (BidiX (at) bidix (dot) info',
	license: '[[BSD open source license|http://tiddlywiki.bidix.info/#%5B%5BBSD%20open%20source%20license%5D%5D]]',
	coreVersion: '2.2.0 (Beta 5)'

config.macros.option.passwordCheckboxLabel = "Save this password on this computer";
config.macros.option.passwordInputType = "password"; // password | text
setStylesheet(".pasOptionInput {width: 11em;}\n","passwordInputTypeStyle");

merge(config.macros.option.types, {
	'pas': {
		elementType: "input",
		valueField: "value",
		eventName: "onkeyup",
		className: "pasOptionInput",
		typeValue: config.macros.option.passwordInputType,
		create: function(place,type,opt,className,desc) {
			// password field
			// checkbox linked with this password "save this password on this computer"
			// text savePasswordCheckboxLabel
		onChange: config.macros.option.genericOnChange

merge(config.optionHandlers['chk'], {
	get: function(name) {
		// is there an option linked with this chk ?
		var opt = name.substr(3);
		if (config.options[opt]) 
		return config.options[name] ? "true" : "false";

merge(config.optionHandlers, {
	'pas': {
 		get: function(name) {
			if (config.options["chk"+name]) {
				return encodeCookie(config.options[name].toString());
			} else {
				return "";
		set: function(name,value) {config.options[name] = decodeCookie(value);}

// need to reload options to load passwordOptions

if (!config.options['pasPassword'])
	config.options['pasPassword'] = '';

		pasPassword: "Test password"
Real Estate Investment Trusts purchase commercial  and residential real estate properties and pass the rental income to investors. REITs face many of the risks typical of the real estate investments, such as the quality of properties, rental markets, tenant leases, debt financing and liquidity. Generally, the REIT management tries to minimize risk by investing primarily in establish income-producing properties.

Canadian tax law offer REITs significant tax deductions. For this reason, REITs payout a high percentage of their income, typically 95%, to their unitholders.

When interest rates rise, REIT trading values may fall. On the other hand, REITs represent a good [[hedge|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hedge_%28finance%29]] against inflation. In an inflationary environment, the value of the underlying real estate owned by REITs may appreciate.
Is an insurance contract with two part: an investment that produces the return and an insurance policy that covers the risk. The segregated fund is like a [[mutual fund]], with all the associated [[market risks]] and benefits of professional management. But a segregated fund comes with death benefits and a maturity guarantee attached that protects the investor's principal from market declines. 

The guarantee ensures that the  investor will get back, at maturity or death, up to 100% of the investment, regardless of how markets perform or the market value, whichever is greater.
Wiki Financial
/*Monochrome Theme for TiddlyWiki*/
/*Design and CSS by Saq Imtiaz*/
/*Version 1.0*/

body {background:#343838; color:#2A363B; font:13px Verdana, Helvetica, sans-serif;

#header {padding: 0em 0em 0em 0em; background:transparent;	font-family: arial,helvetica; font-size:12px;

.siteTitle {
font-family: 'Trebuchet MS' sans-serif;
font-weight: bold;
font-size: 32px;
color: #ccc; margin-right:2em;margin-left:0.5em;

#topMenu br {display:none;}
#topMenu a, #topMenu .tiddlyLink, #topMenu .button {margin:0em; color:#666; padding:15px 15px 10px 15px;padding-top:1.6em;border:none; border-right: 1px solid #666;float:left;}
#topMenu {border-left: 1px solid #666;  float:left;margin:0;}
#topMenu a:hover {color:#A7D4C8; background:#3b3b3b;}

#displayArea {margin-left:1.35em; margin-right:17.65em; margin-top:0.5em; padding-top:1em; padding-bottom:10px;}

.tiddler {background:#98A2A6; margin-bottom:20px; padding:1em 2em 1em 2em;}

a, a:hover{
text-decoration: none; background:transparent;

.viewer a, .viewer a:hover{border-bottom:1px dotted #fff; font-weight:normal;}

.viewer .button, .editorFooter .button{
color: #fff;
border: 1px solid #fff;

.viewer .button:hover,
.editorFooter .button:hover, .viewer .button:active, .viewer .highlight,.editorFooter .button:active, .editorFooter .highlight{
color: #fff;
background: #3B3B3B;
border-color: #3B3B3B;

.title {color:#C75233; font-family:'Lucida Grande', Verdana, Sans-Serif; font-size:1.8em;

.subtitle, .subtitle a { color: #777; font-size: 0.95em;margin:0.2em;}
.shadow .title{color:#777;}

.toolbar {font-size:90%;}
.selected .toolbar a {color:#333333;border:0;}
.selected .toolbar a:hover {color:#FF6600; background:transparent;border:0;}

.toolbar .button:hover, .toolbar .highlight, .toolbar .marked, .toolbar a.button:active{color:#666;border:0; background:transparent;border:0;}

.tagging, .tagged {
border: 1px solid #555;
background-color: 	#444;

.selected .tagging, .selected .tagged {
background-color: 	#3B3B3B;
border: 1px solid #666;

.tagging .listTitle, .tagged .listTitle {
color: #666;

.selected .tagging .listTitle, .selected .tagged .listTitle {
color: #aaa;

.tagging .button, .tagged .button {
color:		#838383;
.selected .tagging .button, .selected .tagged .button {

.highlight, .marked {background:transparent; color:#111; border:none; text-decoration:underline;}

.tagging .button:hover, .tagged .button:hover, .tagging .button:active, .tagged .button:active {
border: none; background:transparent; text-decoration:underline; color:#333;

#sidebarOptions {margin-top:1em;}
#sidebar {margin-right:1.35em;}

#sidebarTabs .tabContents {	
	font-family: arial,helvetica;}

#sidebarOptions a, #sidebarOptions a:hover{border:none;color:#666;}
#sidebarOptions a:hover, #sidebarOptions a:active {background:#454545; color:#ccc;}
#sidebarTabs .tabContents {background:#454545;border:0px solid #666; border-right:1px solid #454545;}
#sidebarOptions input {background:#ccc; border:1px solid #666;}

#sidebarTabs .tabContents .tiddlyLink, #sidebarTabs .tabContents .button{color:#666;font-weight:normal;}
#sidebarTabs .tabContents .tiddlyLink:hover, #sidebarTabs .tabContents .button:hover {color:#ccc; background:transparent;}
.listTitle {color:#777;}

#sidebarTabs .tabSelected,#sidebarTabs .tabSelected:hover{background:#454545;border:none;color:#ccc; border:1px solid #454545;}
#sidebarTabs .tabUnselected{background:#3B3B3B; border:1px solid #454545; color:#666;}

   #sidebarTabs .txtMoreTab .tabSelected,
   #sidebarTabs .txtMoreTab .tab:hover,
   #sidebarTabs .txtMoreTab .tabContents{
color: #ccc;
background: #3B3B3B; border:1px solid #3B3B3B;

   #sidebarTabs .txtMoreTab .tabUnselected {

color: #777; border:1px solid #3B3B3B;
background: #454545;

#sidebarTabs .tabContents .button:hover, #sidebarTabs .tabContents .highlight, #sidebarTabs .tabContents .marked, #sidebarTabs .tabContents a.button:active{color:#ccc; background:transparent;}

   #sidebarOptions .sliderPanel {
background: #454545; font-size: .9em;

#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel input {border:1px solid #666; background:#ccc;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel .txtOptionInput {border:1px solid #666;width:9em;}

#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel a {font-weight:normal; color:#666;background-color: #454545; border-bottom:1px dotted #333;}

#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel a:hover {
background-color: #454545;
border-bottom:1px dotted #111;

.popup {
background: #3B3B3B;
border: 1px solid #454545;

.popup li.disabled {
color: #000;

.popup li a, .popup li a:visited {
color: #777;
border: none;

.popup li a:hover {
background: #3b3b3b;
color: #c3c3c3;
border: none;
.popup hr {
	color: #777;
	background: #777;
	border-bottom: 1px;

.listBreak div{
	border-bottom: 1px solid #777;

#messageArea {
border: 4px dotted #ccc;
background: #454545;
color: #777;

#messageArea .button{

color: #3B3B3B;
border: 1px solid #ccc;

#messageArea .button:hover {

color: #ccc;
background: #3B3B3B;
border-color: #3B3B3B;

.viewer blockquote {
border-left: 5px solid 		#3B3B3B; background:#3B3B3B

.viewer table, .viewer td {
border: 1px solid 	#2E2E2E;

.viewer th, thead td {
background: #3B3B3B;
border: 1px solid #3B3B3B;
color: #ccc;
.viewer pre {
border: 1px solid #3b3b3b;
background: #5F5F5F;

.viewer code {
color: #c3c3c3; background:#5f5f5f;

.viewer hr {
border-top: dashed 1px #222; margin:0 1em;

.editor input {
border: 1px solid #ccc; margin-top:5px;

.editor textarea {
border: 1px solid #ccc;

h1,h2,h3,h4,h5 { color: 		#9c9c9c; background: transparent; padding-bottom:2px; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; }
h1 {font-size:18px;}
h2 {font-size:16px;}
h3 {font-size: 14px;}
|~ViewToolbar|closeTiddler closeOthers +editTiddler > fields syncing permalink references easyEdit jump <<toolbar easyEdit>>|
|~EditToolbar|+saveTiddler -cancelTiddler deleteTiddler|
Description: Contains the stuff you need to use Tiddlyspot
Note, you also need UploadPlugin, PasswordOptionPlugin and LoadRemoteFileThroughProxy
from http://tiddlywiki.bidix.info for a complete working Tiddlyspot site.

// edit this if you are migrating sites or retrofitting an existing TW
config.tiddlyspotSiteId = 'maury';

// make it so you can by default see edit controls via http
config.options.chkHttpReadOnly = false;
window.readOnly = false; // make sure of it (for tw 2.2)
window.showBackstage = true; // show backstage too

// disable autosave in d3
if (window.location.protocol != "file:")
	config.options.chkGTDLazyAutoSave = false;

// tweak shadow tiddlers to add upload button, password entry box etc
with (config.shadowTiddlers) {
	SiteUrl = 'http://'+config.tiddlyspotSiteId+'.tiddlyspot.com';
	SideBarOptions = SideBarOptions.replace(/(<<saveChanges>>)/,"$1<<tiddler TspotSidebar>>");
	OptionsPanel = OptionsPanel.replace(/^/,"<<tiddler TspotOptions>>");
	DefaultTiddlers = DefaultTiddlers.replace(/^/,"[[WelcomeToTiddlyspot]] ");
	MainMenu = MainMenu.replace(/^/,"[[WelcomeToTiddlyspot]] ");

// create some shadow tiddler content

 "This document is a ~TiddlyWiki from tiddlyspot.com.  A ~TiddlyWiki is an electronic notebook that is great for managing todo lists, personal information, and all sorts of things.",
 "@@font-weight:bold;font-size:1.3em;color:#444; //What now?// &nbsp;&nbsp;@@ Before you can save any changes, you need to enter your password in the form below.  Then configure privacy and other site settings at your [[control panel|http://" + config.tiddlyspotSiteId + ".tiddlyspot.com/controlpanel]] (your control panel username is //" + config.tiddlyspotSiteId + "//).",
 "<<tiddler TspotControls>>",
 "See also GettingStarted.",
 "@@font-weight:bold;font-size:1.3em;color:#444; //Working online// &nbsp;&nbsp;@@ You can edit this ~TiddlyWiki right now, and save your changes using the \"save to web\" button in the column on the right.",
 "@@font-weight:bold;font-size:1.3em;color:#444; //Working offline// &nbsp;&nbsp;@@ A fully functioning copy of this ~TiddlyWiki can be saved onto your hard drive or USB stick.  You can make changes and save them locally without being connected to the Internet.  When you're ready to sync up again, just click \"upload\" and your ~TiddlyWiki will be saved back to tiddlyspot.com.",
 "@@font-weight:bold;font-size:1.3em;color:#444; //Help!// &nbsp;&nbsp;@@ Find out more about ~TiddlyWiki at [[TiddlyWiki.com|http://tiddlywiki.com]].  Also visit [[TiddlyWiki.org|http://tiddlywiki.org]] for documentation on learning and using ~TiddlyWiki. New users are especially welcome on the [[TiddlyWiki mailing list|http://groups.google.com/group/TiddlyWiki]], which is an excellent place to ask questions and get help.  If you have a tiddlyspot related problem email [[tiddlyspot support|mailto:support@tiddlyspot.com]].",
 "@@font-weight:bold;font-size:1.3em;color:#444; //Enjoy :)// &nbsp;&nbsp;@@ We hope you like using your tiddlyspot.com site.  Please email [[feedback@tiddlyspot.com|mailto:feedback@tiddlyspot.com]] with any comments or suggestions."

 "| tiddlyspot password:|<<option pasUploadPassword>>|",
 "| site management:|<<upload http://" + config.tiddlyspotSiteId + ".tiddlyspot.com/store.cgi index.html . .  " + config.tiddlyspotSiteId + ">>//(requires tiddlyspot password)//<br>[[control panel|http://" + config.tiddlyspotSiteId + ".tiddlyspot.com/controlpanel]], [[download (go offline)|http://" + config.tiddlyspotSiteId + ".tiddlyspot.com/download]]|",
 "| links:|[[tiddlyspot.com|http://tiddlyspot.com/]], [[FAQs|http://faq.tiddlyspot.com/]], [[blog|http://tiddlyspot.blogspot.com/]], email [[support|mailto:support@tiddlyspot.com]] & [[feedback|mailto:feedback@tiddlyspot.com]], [[donate|http://tiddlyspot.com/?page=donate]]|"

 "<<upload http://" + config.tiddlyspotSiteId + ".tiddlyspot.com/store.cgi index.html . .  " + config.tiddlyspotSiteId + ">><html><a href='http://" + config.tiddlyspotSiteId + ".tiddlyspot.com/download' class='button'>download</a></html>"

 "tiddlyspot password:",
 "<<option pasUploadPassword>>",

Income Trusts are categorized on the basis of their underlying asssets. The risk and return depends on the underlying assests held.

| !date | !user | !location | !storeUrl | !uploadDir | !toFilename | !backupdir | !origin |
| 06/09/2010 16:37:14 | MauryOrtiz | [[/|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/]] | [[store.cgi|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/store.cgi]] | . | [[index.html | http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/index.html]] | . |
| 06/09/2010 16:41:34 | MauryOrtiz | [[/|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/]] | [[store.cgi|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/store.cgi]] | . | [[index.html | http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/index.html]] | . | ok |
| 06/09/2010 16:43:04 | MauryOrtiz | [[/|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/]] | [[store.cgi|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/store.cgi]] | . | [[index.html | http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/index.html]] | . | ok |
| 06/09/2010 16:43:57 | MauryOrtiz | [[/|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/]] | [[store.cgi|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/store.cgi]] | . | [[index.html | http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/index.html]] | . |
| 06/09/2010 16:46:28 | MauryOrtiz | [[/|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/]] | [[store.cgi|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/store.cgi]] | . | [[index.html | http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/index.html]] | . |
| 06/09/2010 17:17:25 | MauryOrtiz | [[/|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/]] | [[store.cgi|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/store.cgi]] | . | [[index.html | http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/index.html]] | . | ok |
| 06/09/2010 17:23:31 | MauryOrtiz | [[/|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/]] | [[store.cgi|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/store.cgi]] | . | [[index.html | http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/index.html]] | . | ok |
| 06/09/2010 17:26:03 | MauryOrtiz | [[/|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/]] | [[store.cgi|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/store.cgi]] | . | [[index.html | http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/index.html]] | . |
| 06/09/2010 17:33:10 | MauryOrtiz | [[/|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/]] | [[store.cgi|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/store.cgi]] | . | [[index.html | http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/index.html]] | . |
| 06/09/2010 20:22:35 | MauryOrtiz | [[/|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/]] | [[store.cgi|http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/store.cgi]] | . | [[index.html | http://maury.tiddlyspot.com/index.html]] | . |
|''Description:''|Save to web a TiddlyWiki|
|''Date:''|Feb 24, 2008|
|''Author:''|BidiX (BidiX (at) bidix (dot) info)|
|''License:''|[[BSD open source license|http://tiddlywiki.bidix.info/#%5B%5BBSD%20open%20source%20license%5D%5D ]]|
version.extensions.UploadPlugin = {
	major: 4, minor: 1, revision: 3,
	date: new Date("Feb 24, 2008"),
	source: 'http://tiddlywiki.bidix.info/#UploadPlugin',
	author: 'BidiX (BidiX (at) bidix (dot) info',
	coreVersion: '2.2.0'

// Environment

if (!window.bidix) window.bidix = {}; // bidix namespace
bidix.debugMode = false;	// true to activate both in Plugin and UploadService
// Upload Macro

config.macros.upload = {
// default values
	defaultBackupDir: '',	//no backup
	defaultStoreScript: "store.php",
	defaultToFilename: "index.html",
	defaultUploadDir: ".",
	authenticateUser: true	// UploadService Authenticate User
config.macros.upload.label = {
	promptOption: "Save and Upload this TiddlyWiki with UploadOptions",
	promptParamMacro: "Save and Upload this TiddlyWiki in %0",
	saveLabel: "save to web", 
	saveToDisk: "save to disk",
	uploadLabel: "upload"	

config.macros.upload.messages = {
	noStoreUrl: "No store URL in parmeters or options",
	usernameOrPasswordMissing: "Username or password missing"

config.macros.upload.handler = function(place,macroName,params) {
	if (readOnly)
	var label;
	if (document.location.toString().substr(0,4) == "http") 
		label = this.label.saveLabel;
		label = this.label.uploadLabel;
	var prompt;
	if (params[0]) {
		prompt = this.label.promptParamMacro.toString().format([this.destFile(params[0], 
			(params[1] ? params[1]:bidix.basename(window.location.toString())), params[3])]);
	} else {
		prompt = this.label.promptOption;
	createTiddlyButton(place, label, prompt, function() {config.macros.upload.action(params);}, null, null, this.accessKey);

config.macros.upload.action = function(params)
		// for missing macro parameter set value from options
		if (!params) params = {};
		var storeUrl = params[0] ? params[0] : config.options.txtUploadStoreUrl;
		var toFilename = params[1] ? params[1] : config.options.txtUploadFilename;
		var backupDir = params[2] ? params[2] : config.options.txtUploadBackupDir;
		var uploadDir = params[3] ? params[3] : config.options.txtUploadDir;
		var username = params[4] ? params[4] : config.options.txtUploadUserName;
		var password = config.options.pasUploadPassword; // for security reason no password as macro parameter	
		// for still missing parameter set default value
		if ((!storeUrl) && (document.location.toString().substr(0,4) == "http")) 
			storeUrl = bidix.dirname(document.location.toString())+'/'+config.macros.upload.defaultStoreScript;
		if (storeUrl.substr(0,4) != "http")
			storeUrl = bidix.dirname(document.location.toString()) +'/'+ storeUrl;
		if (!toFilename)
			toFilename = bidix.basename(window.location.toString());
		if (!toFilename)
			toFilename = config.macros.upload.defaultToFilename;
		if (!uploadDir)
			uploadDir = config.macros.upload.defaultUploadDir;
		if (!backupDir)
			backupDir = config.macros.upload.defaultBackupDir;
		// report error if still missing
		if (!storeUrl) {
			return false;
		if (config.macros.upload.authenticateUser && (!username || !password)) {
			return false;
		bidix.upload.uploadChanges(false,null,storeUrl, toFilename, uploadDir, backupDir, username, password); 
		return false; 

config.macros.upload.destFile = function(storeUrl, toFilename, uploadDir) 
	if (!storeUrl)
		return null;
		var dest = bidix.dirname(storeUrl);
		if (uploadDir && uploadDir != '.')
			dest = dest + '/' + uploadDir;
		dest = dest + '/' + toFilename;
	return dest;

// uploadOptions Macro

config.macros.uploadOptions = {
	handler: function(place,macroName,params) {
		var wizard = new Wizard();
		var markList = wizard.getElement("markList");
		var listWrapper = document.createElement("div");
		var uploadCaption;
		if (document.location.toString().substr(0,4) == "http") 
			uploadCaption = config.macros.upload.label.saveLabel;
			uploadCaption = config.macros.upload.label.uploadLabel;
				{caption: uploadCaption, tooltip: config.macros.upload.label.promptOption, 
					onClick: config.macros.upload.action},
				{caption: this.cancelButton, tooltip: this.cancelButtonPrompt, onClick: this.onCancel}
	options: [
	refreshOptions: function(listWrapper) {
		var opts = [];
		for(i=0; i<this.options.length; i++) {
			var opt = {};
			opt.option = "";
			n = this.options[i];
			opt.name = n;
			opt.lowlight = !config.optionsDesc[n];
			opt.description = opt.lowlight ? this.unknownDescription : config.optionsDesc[n];
		var listview = ListView.create(listWrapper,opts,this.listViewTemplate);
		for(n=0; n<opts.length; n++) {
			var type = opts[n].name.substr(0,3);
			var h = config.macros.option.types[type];
			if (h && h.create) {
	onCancel: function(e)
		return false;
	wizardTitle: "Upload with options",
	step1Title: "These options are saved in cookies in your browser",
	step1Html: "<input type='hidden' name='markList'></input><br>",
	cancelButton: "Cancel",
	cancelButtonPrompt: "Cancel prompt",
	listViewTemplate: {
		columns: [
			{name: 'Description', field: 'description', title: "Description", type: 'WikiText'},
			{name: 'Option', field: 'option', title: "Option", type: 'String'},
			{name: 'Name', field: 'name', title: "Name", type: 'String'}
		rowClasses: [
			{className: 'lowlight', field: 'lowlight'} 

// upload functions

if (!bidix.upload) bidix.upload = {};

if (!bidix.upload.messages) bidix.upload.messages = {
	//from saving
	invalidFileError: "The original file '%0' does not appear to be a valid TiddlyWiki",
	backupSaved: "Backup saved",
	backupFailed: "Failed to upload backup file",
	rssSaved: "RSS feed uploaded",
	rssFailed: "Failed to upload RSS feed file",
	emptySaved: "Empty template uploaded",
	emptyFailed: "Failed to upload empty template file",
	mainSaved: "Main TiddlyWiki file uploaded",
	mainFailed: "Failed to upload main TiddlyWiki file. Your changes have not been saved",
	//specific upload
	loadOriginalHttpPostError: "Can't get original file",
	aboutToSaveOnHttpPost: 'About to upload on %0 ...',
	storePhpNotFound: "The store script '%0' was not found."

bidix.upload.uploadChanges = function(onlyIfDirty,tiddlers,storeUrl,toFilename,uploadDir,backupDir,username,password)
	var callback = function(status,uploadParams,original,url,xhr) {
		if (!status) {
		if (bidix.debugMode) 
		// Locate the storeArea div's 
		var posDiv = locateStoreArea(original);
		if((posDiv[0] == -1) || (posDiv[1] == -1)) {
	if(onlyIfDirty && !store.isDirty())
	// save on localdisk ?
	if (document.location.toString().substr(0,4) == "file") {
		var path = document.location.toString();
		var localPath = getLocalPath(path);
	// get original
	var uploadParams = new Array(storeUrl,toFilename,uploadDir,backupDir,username,password);
	var originalPath = document.location.toString();
	// If url is a directory : add index.html
	if (originalPath.charAt(originalPath.length-1) == "/")
		originalPath = originalPath + "index.html";
	var dest = config.macros.upload.destFile(storeUrl,toFilename,uploadDir);
	var log = new bidix.UploadLog();
	log.startUpload(storeUrl, dest, uploadDir,  backupDir);
	if (bidix.debugMode) 
		alert("about to execute Http - GET on "+originalPath);
	var r = doHttp("GET",originalPath,null,null,username,password,callback,uploadParams,null);
	if (typeof r == "string")
	return r;

bidix.upload.uploadRss = function(uploadParams,original,posDiv) 
	var callback = function(status,params,responseText,url,xhr) {
		if(status) {
			var destfile = responseText.substring(responseText.indexOf("destfile:")+9,responseText.indexOf("\n", responseText.indexOf("destfile:")));
		} else {
	// do uploadRss
	if(config.options.chkGenerateAnRssFeed) {
		var rssPath = uploadParams[1].substr(0,uploadParams[1].lastIndexOf(".")) + ".xml";
		var rssUploadParams = new Array(uploadParams[0],rssPath,uploadParams[2],'',uploadParams[4],uploadParams[5]);
		var rssString = generateRss();
		// no UnicodeToUTF8 conversion needed when location is "file" !!!
		if (document.location.toString().substr(0,4) != "file")
			rssString = convertUnicodeToUTF8(rssString);	
	} else {

bidix.upload.uploadMain = function(uploadParams,original,posDiv) 
	var callback = function(status,params,responseText,url,xhr) {
		var log = new bidix.UploadLog();
		if(status) {
			// if backupDir specified
			if ((params[3]) && (responseText.indexOf("backupfile:") > -1))  {
				var backupfile = responseText.substring(responseText.indexOf("backupfile:")+11,responseText.indexOf("\n", responseText.indexOf("backupfile:")));
			var destfile = responseText.substring(responseText.indexOf("destfile:")+9,responseText.indexOf("\n", responseText.indexOf("destfile:")));
		} else {
	// do uploadMain
	var revised = bidix.upload.updateOriginal(original,posDiv);

bidix.upload.httpUpload = function(uploadParams,data,callback,params)
	var localCallback = function(status,params,responseText,url,xhr) {
		url = (url.indexOf("nocache=") < 0 ? url : url.substring(0,url.indexOf("nocache=")-1));
		if (xhr.status == 404)
		if ((bidix.debugMode) || (responseText.indexOf("Debug mode") >= 0 )) {
			if (responseText.indexOf("Debug mode") >= 0 )
				responseText = responseText.substring(responseText.indexOf("\n\n")+2);
		} else if (responseText.charAt(0) != '0') 
		if (responseText.charAt(0) != '0')
			status = null;
	// do httpUpload
	var boundary = "---------------------------"+"AaB03x";	
	var uploadFormName = "UploadPlugin";
	// compose headers data
	var sheader = "";
	sheader += "--" + boundary + "\r\nContent-disposition: form-data; name=\"";
	sheader += uploadFormName +"\"\r\n\r\n";
	sheader += "backupDir="+uploadParams[3] +
				";user=" + uploadParams[4] +
				";password=" + uploadParams[5] +
				";uploaddir=" + uploadParams[2];
	if (bidix.debugMode)
		sheader += ";debug=1";
	sheader += ";;\r\n"; 
	sheader += "\r\n" + "--" + boundary + "\r\n";
	sheader += "Content-disposition: form-data; name=\"userfile\"; filename=\""+uploadParams[1]+"\"\r\n";
	sheader += "Content-Type: text/html;charset=UTF-8" + "\r\n";
	sheader += "Content-Length: " + data.length + "\r\n\r\n";
	// compose trailer data
	var strailer = new String();
	strailer = "\r\n--" + boundary + "--\r\n";
	data = sheader + data + strailer;
	if (bidix.debugMode) alert("about to execute Http - POST on "+uploadParams[0]+"\n with \n"+data.substr(0,500)+ " ... ");
	var r = doHttp("POST",uploadParams[0],data,"multipart/form-data; ;charset=UTF-8; boundary="+boundary,uploadParams[4],uploadParams[5],localCallback,params,null);
	if (typeof r == "string")
	return r;

// same as Saving's updateOriginal but without convertUnicodeToUTF8 calls
bidix.upload.updateOriginal = function(original, posDiv)
	if (!posDiv)
		posDiv = locateStoreArea(original);
	if((posDiv[0] == -1) || (posDiv[1] == -1)) {
	var revised = original.substr(0,posDiv[0] + startSaveArea.length) + "\n" +
				store.allTiddlersAsHtml() + "\n" +
	var newSiteTitle = getPageTitle().htmlEncode();
	revised = revised.replaceChunk("<title"+">","</title"+">"," " + newSiteTitle + " ");
	revised = updateMarkupBlock(revised,"PRE-HEAD","MarkupPreHead");
	revised = updateMarkupBlock(revised,"POST-HEAD","MarkupPostHead");
	revised = updateMarkupBlock(revised,"PRE-BODY","MarkupPreBody");
	revised = updateMarkupBlock(revised,"POST-SCRIPT","MarkupPostBody");
	return revised;

// UploadLog
// config.options.chkUploadLog :
//		false : no logging
//		true : logging
// config.options.txtUploadLogMaxLine :
//		-1 : no limit
//      0 :  no Log lines but UploadLog is still in place
//		n :  the last n lines are only kept
//		NaN : no limit (-1)

bidix.UploadLog = function() {
	if (!config.options.chkUploadLog) 
		return; // this.tiddler = null
	this.tiddler = store.getTiddler("UploadLog");
	if (!this.tiddler) {
		this.tiddler = new Tiddler();
		this.tiddler.title = "UploadLog";
		this.tiddler.text = "| !date | !user | !location | !storeUrl | !uploadDir | !toFilename | !backupdir | !origin |";
		this.tiddler.created = new Date();
		this.tiddler.modifier = config.options.txtUserName;
		this.tiddler.modified = new Date();
	return this;

bidix.UploadLog.prototype.addText = function(text) {
	if (!this.tiddler)
	// retrieve maxLine when we need it
	var maxLine = parseInt(config.options.txtUploadLogMaxLine,10);
	if (isNaN(maxLine))
		maxLine = -1;
	// add text
	if (maxLine != 0) 
		this.tiddler.text = this.tiddler.text + text;
	// Trunck to maxLine
	if (maxLine >= 0) {
		var textArray = this.tiddler.text.split('\n');
		if (textArray.length > maxLine + 1)
			this.tiddler.text = textArray.join('\n');		
	// update tiddler fields
	this.tiddler.modifier = config.options.txtUserName;
	this.tiddler.modified = new Date();
	// refresh and notifiy for immediate update
	store.notify(this.tiddler.title, true);

bidix.UploadLog.prototype.startUpload = function(storeUrl, toFilename, uploadDir,  backupDir) {
	if (!this.tiddler)
	var now = new Date();
	var text = "\n| ";
	var filename = bidix.basename(document.location.toString());
	if (!filename) filename = '/';
	text += now.formatString("0DD/0MM/YYYY 0hh:0mm:0ss") +" | ";
	text += config.options.txtUserName + " | ";
	text += "[["+filename+"|"+location + "]] |";
	text += " [[" + bidix.basename(storeUrl) + "|" + storeUrl + "]] | ";
	text += uploadDir + " | ";
	text += "[[" + bidix.basename(toFilename) + " | " +toFilename + "]] | ";
	text += backupDir + " |";

bidix.UploadLog.prototype.endUpload = function(status) {
	if (!this.tiddler)
	this.addText(" "+status+" |");

// Utilities

bidix.checkPlugin = function(plugin, major, minor, revision) {
	var ext = version.extensions[plugin];
	if (!
		(ext  && 
			((ext.major > major) || 
			((ext.major == major) && (ext.minor > minor))  ||
			((ext.major == major) && (ext.minor == minor) && (ext.revision >= revision))))) {
			// write error in PluginManager
			if (pluginInfo)
				pluginInfo.log.push("Requires " + plugin + " " + major + "." + minor + "." + revision);
			eval(plugin); // generate an error : "Error: ReferenceError: xxxx is not defined"

bidix.dirname = function(filePath) {
	if (!filePath) 
	var lastpos;
	if ((lastpos = filePath.lastIndexOf("/")) != -1) {
		return filePath.substring(0, lastpos);
	} else {
		return filePath.substring(0, filePath.lastIndexOf("\\"));

bidix.basename = function(filePath) {
	if (!filePath) 
	var lastpos;
	if ((lastpos = filePath.lastIndexOf("#")) != -1) 
		filePath = filePath.substring(0, lastpos);
	if ((lastpos = filePath.lastIndexOf("/")) != -1) {
		return filePath.substring(lastpos + 1);
	} else
		return filePath.substring(filePath.lastIndexOf("\\")+1);

bidix.initOption = function(name,value) {
	if (!config.options[name])
		config.options[name] = value;

// Initializations

// require PasswordOptionPlugin 1.0.1 or better
bidix.checkPlugin("PasswordOptionPlugin", 1, 0, 1);

// styleSheet
setStylesheet('.txtUploadStoreUrl, .txtUploadBackupDir, .txtUploadDir {width: 22em;}',"uploadPluginStyles");

	txtUploadStoreUrl: "Url of the UploadService script (default: store.php)",
	txtUploadFilename: "Filename of the uploaded file (default: in index.html)",
	txtUploadDir: "Relative Directory where to store the file (default: . (downloadService directory))",
	txtUploadBackupDir: "Relative Directory where to backup the file. If empty no backup. (default: ''(empty))",
	txtUploadUserName: "Upload Username",
	pasUploadPassword: "Upload Password",
	chkUploadLog: "do Logging in UploadLog (default: true)",
	txtUploadLogMaxLine: "Maximum of lines in UploadLog (default: 10)"

// Options Initializations

// Backstage
	uploadOptions: {text: "upload", tooltip: "Change UploadOptions and Upload", content: '<<uploadOptions>>'}

An [[equity]] investment philosophy that promote a conservative approach to money management. Value investors want to buy a firm (or [[share]]s of a company) for less than what the [[assets]] in place are worth.
Ratios that show the investor that the company's share are worth, or the return on owning them.

Example [[BRKa.N|http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/financialHighlights?symbol=BRKa.N]]
All things of [[value]] that are owned by a firm or individual.

- Assets are classified as current or fixed assets.


1,70 x 4 metros
See [[money]].
[[W|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy]] An economy consists of the economic system of a country or other area, the labor, capital and land resources, and the economic agents that socially participate in the production, exchange, distribution, and consumption of goods and services of that area. A given economy is the end result of a process that involves its technological evolution, history and social organization, as well as its geography, natural resource endowment, and ecology, as main factors. These factors give context, content, and set the conditions and parameters in which an economy functions.

Today the range of fields of study examining the economy include social sciences such as economics, sociology (economic sociology), history (economic history) and geography (economic geography). Practical fields directly related to the human activities involving production, distribution, exchange, and consumption of goods and services as a whole, range from engineering to management and business administration to applied science to finance.

All kind of professions, occupations, economic agents or economic activities, contribute to the economy. Consumption, saving and investment are core variable components in the economy and determine market equilibrium. There are three main sectors of economic activity: primary, secondary and tertiary.
A share of ownership of a company. A stock.
This type of fund seeks out smaller firms that are expected to pay little or no dividends and to produce significant capital gains as their share price increase. As a result, equity growth mutual funds tend to have a lot of volatility and are suitable for investors with higher risk tolerance.
Has the primary goal of earning capital gains (when the fund is sold) by constructing a portfolio designed to mimic a particular stock index - often the S&P/TXS Composite Index, in Canada, or S&P 500 in the US.
Try this routine in place of your existing arms workout for a day, or vary the exercise selection and continue this method for up to four weeks. Allow 4-7 days to recover between workout days.
Exercise	Sets	Reps	   
Supported biceps curl 	1	To failure *	   
Rope extension	1 	To failure *	 
* If you've selected the proper weight load, you will be failing in the 5-7 range. 
START: Hold a barbell or dumbbells at the tops of your thighs with a narrow, underhand grip. Carefully lean back against a wall or stable pillar with your feet hip-width apart. 
EXECUTION: Keeping your elbows pinned to your sides, slowly contract your biceps to raise the weight. Take a full 10 seconds to get the bar into the top position, pause for 2-3 seconds at the peak and then lower the bar along the same arc for another 10 seconds. Repeat to failure.
START: Grab the handles of a rope attachment at a high-pulley cable station. Pull the ropes into position alongside your body, your arms pinned to your sides, elbows flexed at a 90-degree angle. Your feet should be hip-width apart or staggered, one slightly in front of the other. 
EXECUTION: Without using momentum, contract your triceps to push the weight down in an arc toward the tops of your thighs. Take a full 10 seconds to reach the point of peak contraction for your triceps. Squeeze your tri's hard for 2-3 seconds, then take a full 10 seconds to return the weight to the starting position. Repeat to failure. 
Grasp two dumbbells and sit upright on a bench or low-back 
 chair with your feet in solid contact with the floor. Begin with your upper arms parallel to the floor. 
Press your arms overhead, stopping just short of lockout. Slowly lower back to the start position.
From a seated or standing position 
 , start with your elbows near your sides, palms facing your ears, so that your arms form a "W."
Extend your arms so the dumbbells go out and your upper body forms a "Y."
para posters

Allocating [[money]] in securities and financial products with the expectation to growth.

Measures the periodic change in returns in relation to the average or mean return. The greater the change, the more volatile the [[investment]]. A volatile investment is a risky investment.
An exchange instrument recognized in a marketplace. Currency.
Investment products.
A holder of units on a trust. Equivalent of a shareholder.
An asset that is considered worth of exchange.